Substance Information

Substance Infocard

IC

salts of 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine; salts of 3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-ylenediamine

EC / List no.: -

CAS no.: -

Mol. Formula:

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Key datasets

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Regulatory context

Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):

Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive
  • Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances
    EU. Hazardous Substances for Purposes of Directive 90/385/EEC on Active Implantable Medical Devices, 20 July 1990, amended by Directive 2007/47/EC, 21 September 2007

    This list contains hazardous substances for purposes of Directive 90/385/EEC on active implantable medical devices, particularly as regards Article 3 and Annex I (Essential Requirements). This non-exhaustive database is derived from: Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP, REACH Candidate List of SVHCs, and Directive 2000/54/EC's Annex III (Biological Agents list).

CAD - Chemical Agents Directive
  • CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Article 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents
    EU. Hazardous Substances - Article 2(b)(i), Directive 98/24/EC on Protection of Workers from Chemical Agent-related Risks, 5 May 1998 (Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP, as amended)

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory based on the list of substances with harmonised classification and labelling (i.e., Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC). While the harmonised list covers many hazardous substances, others not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP Regulation.

CMD - Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive
  • Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes
    EU. Substances, Mixtures, Related Processes: Annex I & Article 2, Directive 2004/37/EC (CMD), as amended by Directive 2019/130/EU, 31 January 2019

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of substances based on Art. 2 carcinogen and mutagen (CM) definitions and Annex I of the Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive. Category 1A and 1B carcinogens and mutagens are derived from the CLP Regulation's Table 3 of Annex VI (1272/2008/EC). Employers are obligated to minimize worker exposure to these agents as far as possible, and must arrange for medical surveillance of workers exposed to these substances.

Construction Products Regulation
  • Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances
    EU. Hazardous Substances for Purposes of Annex I (3) (Requirements for Construction Works), Regulation 305/2011/EU on Marketing of Construction Products, amended by Regulation 574/2014/EU, 28 May 2014

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of substances taken from: (1) Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP; (2) the Candidate List of SVHCs; (3) Annex XIV of REACH (Authorisation List); (4) Annex XVII of REACH (Restrictions List); (5) F-gases subject to emission limits/reporting per Regulation 517/2014/EU; and (6) volatile organic compounds (VOCs) listed in the Ambient Air Directive 2008/50/EC. The basis of the list is Annex I(3) of the Construction Products Regulation 305/2011/EC, which stipulates that construction works must not have a high impact on human health or the environment as a result of: giving off toxic gas; emissions of dangerous substances, volatile organic compounds (VOC), greenhouse gases or dangerous particles into indoor or outdoor air; release of dangerous substances into drinking water, ground water, marine waters, surface waters or soil.

  • Construction Product Regulation - Article 6(5) - SDS and Declaration
    EU. Hazardous Substances Subject to Declaration (Article 6(5)), Regulation 305/2011/EU on Marketing of Construction Products, amended by Regulation 574/2014/EU, 28 May 2014

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of substances originating from: (1) Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP (i.e., the list of harmonised substances); (2) the Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHCs); and REACH Annex XIV (Authorisation List). This list is compiled on the basis of Article 6(5) of Regulation 305/2011/EC on Marketing of Construction Products. This provision requires SDSs and information on hazardous substances (i.e., SVHCs) contained in construction products be provided with the declaration of performance.

EU Ecolabel Regulation
  • Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures
    EU. Substances Rendering Goods Ineligible for EU Ecolabel, Article 6(6), Regulation 66/2010/EC, L 27/1, 30 January 2010 (Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP; Candidate List of SVHCs)

    This list contains: (1) the hazardous substances with harmonised classifications and labelling (i.e., Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP Regulation); and (2) the Candidate List of substances of very high concern (SVHC). The EU Ecolabel may not be awarded to substances or mixtures classified as such. Note that this list is not exhaustive. While the harmonised list covers many hazardous substances, others not listed may also meet classification criteria in accordance with the CLP Regulation.

End-of-Life Vehicles Directive
  • End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances
    EU. Hazardous Substances per Article 2(11) of End-of-Life Vehicles Directive 2000/53/EC, 21 October 2000, amended by Directive 2020/363/EU, 5 March 2020 (based on Table 3/Annex VI of CLP)

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of hazardous substances as defined by Article 2(11) of the End-of-Life Vehicles Directive 2000/53/EC. It is based on the relevant subset of substances with harmonised classification listed in Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC.

Food Contact Active and Intelligent Materials and Articles Regulation
  • Active and Intelligent Materials - CMR Substances not allowed for use
    EU. Carcinogens, Mutagens and Reproductive substances Not Allowed for Use in Components of Active and Intelligent Materials and Articles (Article 5(2)(c)(i)), Regulation 450/2009/EC, 30 May 2009

    This list contains a non-exhaustive list of Carcinogens, Mutagens and Reproductive substances (CMRs) that are not allowed for use in components of active and intelligent materials and articles per Art. 5(2)(c)(i) of Regulation 450/2009/EC. The list is derived from a subset of substances on Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC).

General Product Safety Directive
  • General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances
    EU. Hazardous Substances for Purposes of General Product Safety Directive (2001/95/EC), 15 January 2002, amended by Reg 596/2009/EC, 18 July 2009

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of substances that fall within the European Union's hazardous substance definitions, as provided on: (1) Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC; (2) Annex III of Directive 2000/54/EC (Biological Agents); Candidate List of SVHCs; and REACH Annexes XIV and XVII (Authorisation and Restriction lists). They can be considered hazardous for purposes of the General Product Safety Directive 2001/95/EC.

In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive
  • In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances
    EU. Hazardous Substances for Purposes of Article 3 & Annex I (Essential Requirements), Directive 98/79/EC on In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices, 7 December 1998

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of hazardous substances for purposes of essential requirements (Article 3 and Annex I) for general safety, design, manufacture and hazard communication of in vitro diagnostic medical devices. It is derived from: Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP, REACH Candidate List of SVHCs, and Directive 2000/54/EC's Annex III (Biological Agents list).

Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive
  • Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances
    EU. Hazardous Substances for Purposes of Directive 2008/56/EC (Marine Strategy Framework Directive), 25 June 2008, amended by Directive 2017/845/EU, 18 May 2017

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of hazardous substances for purposes of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, especially as it concerns Art. 3(8), and Annexes I and III. The listed substances meet the European Union's definitions as hazardous, as provided on: (1) Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC); (2) Annex III of Directive 2000/54/EC (Biological Agents); Candidate List of SVHCs; and REACH Annex XIV (Authorisation List).

Medical Devices Directive
  • Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances
    EU. Hazardous Substances for Purposes of Medical Devices Directive 93/42/EEC, 12 July 1993, amended by Directive 2007/47/EC, 21 September 2007

    This list contains hazardous substances in accordance with the Medical Devices Directive's (MDD) design and construction requirements pursuant to Annex I, Part II (7) & (8) (i.e., chemical, physical and biological properties; and infection and microbial contamination). Specifically, the non-exhaustive database is derived from: Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP, REACH Candidate List of SVHCs, and Directive 2000/54/EC's Annex III (Biological Agents list).

Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive
  • Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II
    EU. Chemical Agents: Annexes I & II, Directive 92/85/EEC on Pregnant Workers, 28 November 1992 (updated by table 3 of Annex VI to CLP, 5 October 2018)

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of substances to which pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding may not be exposed. Employers are obligated to prevent the exposure of these workers to any agents that may have adverse health effects on either mother or child. The inventory originates from Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP.

Protection of Young People Directive
  • Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
    EU. Non-Exhaustive List of Banned Substances, Directive 94/33/EC on Young People at Work, 20 August 1994, as amended by Dir 2014/27/EU, March 5, 2014 (Based on Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP, inter alia)

    This list contains biological and chemical agents, in accordance with Art. 7 and points 2 and 3 of the Annex to Directive 94/33/EC, to which young persons (under 18 years of age) may not be exposed at the workplace. The list is a non-exhaustive inventory of such substances based on: 1) agents of risk groups 3 and 4 under Directive 2000/54/EC; 2) Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation; 3) and Annex I of Directive 2004/37/EC.

Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive
  • Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances
    EU. Hazardous Substances for Purposes of Directive 89/391/EEC, 29 June 1989, amended by Regulation 1137/2008/EC, 21 November 2008 (Table 3/Annex VI, CLP; Annex III, 2000/54/EC)

    This list contains a non-exhaustive inventory of substances that fall within the scope of the European Union's definition of hazardous chemical and biological substances, as provided on: (1) Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC; and (2) Annex III of Directive 2000/54/EC (Biological Agents). The EU's Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Framework Directive 89/391/EEC applies to risks arising from chemical, physical and biological agents at the workplace.

Safety and/or Health Signs at Work Directive
  • Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes
    EU. Workplace Signage: Annexes I and III, Directive 92/58/EEC, last amended by Directive 2014/27/EU, 5 March 2014

    This list contains hazardous substances based on Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC. According to the annexes to Directive 92/58/EEC, storage areas and containers containing chemical substances or mixtures that are classified as hazardous according to the CLP Regulation must be duly marked and/or labeled. Directive 92/58/EEC requires employers to ensure proper signage is posted in areas where hazards cannot be avoided or reduced.

WFD - Waste Framework Directive
  • Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties
    EU. Substances according to Hazardous Waste Properties: Annex III, Directive 2008/98/EC, 22 November 2008, amended by Directive 2018/851/EU, 14 June 2018

    This list contains substances that have been assigned hazard property (HP) waste codes 1-15, as defined in terms of the hazard class and category, hazard (H) statement, and/or concentration limits provided in Annex III of the Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC. The classifications of the substances listed in the list are based on their harmonised classifications per Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation 1272/2008/EC.

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Substance names and other identifiers

Regulatory process names
salts of 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine; salts of 3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-ylenediamine
FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Fertiliser Regulation- Annex I, E.3 (chelating and complexing agents), Other

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