Understanding the Waste Framework Directive

The Waste Framework Directive sets out measures addressing the adverse impacts of the generation and management of waste on the environment and human health, and for improving efficient use of resources which are crucial for the transition to a circular economy.

As part of the implementation of the EU’s action plan for the circular economy adopted in 2015, the revised Waste Framework Directive entered into force in July 2018. It gave ECHA the task to develop a database with information on articles containing substances of very high concern (SVHCs) on the Candidate List. New substances are regularly added to the Candidate List under REACH.

The database will contain information submitted to ECHA by companies that produce, import or supply articles containing Candidate List substances. These articles can be produced in the EU or imported from non-EU countries.

The information in the database will help waste operators in sorting and recycling articles that contain SVHCs, and support consumers in making informed choices and considering how to best use and dispose of such articles. Overall, the database should contribute to the progressive substitution of substances of concern in articles and to the development of safer alternatives.


4 July 2018
- Revised Waste Framework Directive enters into force

Early 2020
– Prototype of the database is released

5 January 2021
- Duty for suppliers of articles to submit information to the database kicks in

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