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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Ecotoxicological information

Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

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Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Experimental and calculated values are used to indicate the range of toxicity expected.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Data on the toxicity of alkenes to aquatic invertebrates is available for the carbon number range C6 -C14. Two QSAR have also been run to support the experimental data (Nabholz and Mayo-Bean, 2009; DiToro et al, 2010). The available data is summarised in the table below.

The experimental data indicates that toxicity to aquatic invertebrates increases with carbon number from C6-C12, as log Kow increases. At carbon numbers above this acute toxicity is not observed at the limits of solubility. The QSAR values are in good agreement with the experimental data, although Nabholz and Mayo-Bean (2009) and DiToro et al (2010) disagree as to where toxicity is no longer observed. As experimental data is available at C6, C10 and C12 and C14 this is used as key, with values for C8 filled by read across from the available experimental data and QSAR values.


·        C6 – toxicity is observed at 1 – 10 mg/l (Hoberg 2003a)

·        C8 – toxicity is set at ~ 1mg/l based on weight of evidence

Note whether this is just above or below 1 is irrelevant for classification as data is available for fish indicating toxicity <1 mg/l.

·        C10 and C12 – toxicity is set at <1 mg/l (Brixham Environmental Laboratories 2010c and d)

·        >C12 – no toxicity to invertebrates is expected (Christensen, 1996; Drottar and Swigert, 1995)

Major Carbon Number







Hexene EC50 4.4mg/l M


Dec-1-ene EC50 0.56-1 mg/l N

Dodec-1-ene EC50 0.18-0.32mg/l N 

Tetradec-1-ene > sol Tetradecene > sol


EC50 4.2mg/l

EC50 0.9mg/l

EC50 0.2mg/l

EC50 0.033mg/l

EC50 0.006mg/l


EL50 20mg/l

EL50 3.6mg/l

EL50 0.7mg/l

EL50 >sol

EL50 >sol

M = measured. N = nominal.

At C8 and above the log Kow of the substance is above 5, the maximum log Kow within ECOSAR. These values should therefore be viewed as indicative.