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The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Product-Specific hazards:

(Highly) Flammable liquid and vapour.

May cause cancer and genetic defects.

Causes skin irritation.

Risk of serious damage to the lungs if swallowed (by subsequent aspiration).

Other hazards (depending on concentrations of benzene, naphthalene, toluene, n-hexanes and xylenes):

May cause eye and/or respiratory irritation

Harmful if ingested.

Vapours may cause drowsiness or dizziness.

May cause damage to organs through prolonged and repeated exposure.

Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.

General advice :

Where there is potential for exposure: restrict access to authorised persons; provide specific activity training to operators to minimise exposures.

Take care to self-protect by avoiding becoming contaminated.

Use adequate respiratory protection.

Move contaminated patient(s) out of the dangerous area.

Take off all contaminated clothing and shoes.

Seek medical assistance - show the material safety data sheet or label if possible.

Inhalation :

Move to fresh air.

Do not leave the victim unattended.

Keep patient warm and at rest.

Seek immediate medical attention.

If breathing is difficult, give oxygen if possible or assisted ventilation, (do not use mouth to mouth).

If unconscious place in recovery position.

In the event of cardiac arrest, (no pulse), apply cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Skin contact :

Take off all contaminated clothing and shoes.

Immediately flush affected area with plenty of soap and water – continue for at least 15 minutes.

If there are signs of irritation or other symptoms seek medical attention.

Eye contact :

Remove any contact lenses.

Flush eyes with water thoroughly and continuously for at least 15 minutes.

Keep eye wide open while rinsing.

Protect unharmed eye.

If there are signs of irritation or other symptoms seek medical attention.

If eye irritation, pain, swelling, lachrimation or photophobia persists, the patient should be seen in a specialist health care facility.

Ingestion :

Do NOT induce vomiting, if vomiting does occur, have victim lean forward to reduce risk of aspiration. Get medical

attention immediately.

Clean mouth with water and drink afterwards plenty of water.

Do not give milk or alcoholic beverages.

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

Advice to Physician :

Causes eye irritation. This irritation can result in redness and swelling of the eyes.

Causes irritation to the skin. This irritation can result in redness and swelling of the skin. Repeated contact with

the skin may cause it to become dry and cracked.

May cause respiratory irritation.  If inhalation occurs, signs and symptoms may include sore throat, headache, nausea, coughing, choking, wheezing, difficulty in breathing, chest congestion, shortness of breath and may cause transient central nervous system (CNS) depression.

In case of ingestion, Ipecac-induced emesis is not recommended.

Consider use of charcoal as a slurry (240mL water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults.

If a potentially fatal dose has been ingested the stomach should be emptied by gastric lavage under qualified medical supervision with the airway protected by endotracheal intubation.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media :

LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, water fog or foam. DO NOT use direct water jet.

SMALL FIRE: Dry powder or carbon dioxide (CO2) extinguisher, dry sand or fire fighting foam.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media :

(Do Not use) Direct water jet.

Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.

Combustion Products :

Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and unburned hydrocarbons (smoke).

Specific hazards during fire fighting :

Vapour is denser than air – flashback may be possible over considerable distances.

Containers may explode under fire conditions - use water spray to cool unopened containers.

Do not allow run-off from fire fighting to enter drains or water courses – may cause explosion hazard in drains and may reignite on surface water.

Further information :

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters :

Wear an approved positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus in addition to standard fire fighting gear.

Accidental release measures

Eliminate all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).

Personal precautions :

Wear personal protective equipment.

Avoid breathing vapours or mist.

Ensure adequate ventilation and absence of sources of ignition.

Beware of accumulation of vapours in low areas or contained areas, where explosive concentrations may occur.

Environmental precautions :

Land spillage :

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.

Prevent spillage from entering drains, sewer, basement or confined areas.

Spillages in water or at sea :

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.

If the spillage contaminates rivers, lakes or drains inform respective authorities.

Methods for clean up :

Contain spillage.

Small spillages can be taken up by collection with non-combustible absorbent material, (e.g. sand, earth,

diatomaceous earth, vermiculite) and placed in container for disposal according to local / national


Water spillage:

If the Flash Point exceeds the Ambient Temperature by 10 deg C or more, use containment booms and remove from the surface by skimming or with suitable absorbents when conditions permit.  If the Flash Point does not exceed the Ambient Air Temperature by at least 10 deg C, use booms as a barrier to protect shorelines and allow material to evaporate.  Seek the advice of a specialist before using dispersants.

Further accidental release measures :

Spillages of liquid product will create a fire hazard and form an explosive atmosphere.

Ensure all equipment is non sparking or electrically bonded.

Avoid direct contact with released material.

Stay upwind.

Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage.

Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas.

Handling and storage

Advice on safe handling :

Smoking, eating and drinking should be prohibited.

Use only in well ventilated areas.

Avoid all sources of ignition.

Use proper bonding and/or grounding procedures.

This material is a static accumulator: Take precautionary measures against static discharges.

Avoid contact with heat and ignition sources and oxidizing agents.

Containers should be opened only under exhaust ventilation hood.

Do not allow splash filling of bulk volumes.

Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging or handling.

Do not pressurise, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, or grind on containers.

Dispose of rinse water in accordance with local and national regulations.

The vapour is heavier than air, beware of accumulation in pits and confined spaces.

The product will float on water and can be reignited on surface water.

Handle empty containers with care; vapour residue may be flammable.

Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding explosive atmospheres, and handling and storage

facilities of flammable products are followed.

Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of the internal structure of storage tanks must be done

only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company


Storage :

No smoking.

Store in either mild steel or stainless steel containers or vessels.

Store in a designated cool and well-ventilated place.

Store in the original, tightly closed, container.

Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.

Keep container tightly closed and properly labelled.

Vapour space above stored liquid may be flammable/explosive unless blanketed with inert gas.

Storage installations should be designed with adequate bunds so as to prevent ground and water pollution in case of leaks or spills.

Fixed storage containers, transfer containers and associated equipment should be earthed and bonded to prevent accumulation of static charge.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations