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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

1. Preamble1.1. Indications on Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for the professional user about guidance on safe use of petroleum products, in all its aspects, should take into account that applicable legislation and general accepted practices for the management of industrial routine activities or emergencies, as well as company operating procedures, already compose a background which indicates which general actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or unadvisable in such cases. An extensive recapitulation of all this background information will not necessarily add information value to a SDS, and may actually decrease the readability of the document, especially in an emergency. Therefore the indications meant for actual inclusion in SDSs can be focused (although not necessarily limited) to:- Product specific issues (i.e. special hazards or characteristics)- Key Actions (or group of actions) that are applicable in the specific case1.2. The actual level of detail of information and its phrasing in individual SDSs may reflect local or national conventions or requirements, or company policies, but without infringing on the consistency with the information submitted hereunder. Also, more stringent national or local legal requirements or conventions will take precedence over the guidance provided in this document2. Warning before intervention2.1. Spillages make surface slippery2.2. (Subject to applicability) Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) can accumulate in the headspace of storage tanks and reach potentially hazardous concentrations.3. Inhalation 3.1. Symptoms: irritation of the respiratory tract due to excess fume, mists or vapour exposure. 3.2. In case of symptoms arising from inhalation of vapours or oil mists produced at high temperatures: if breathing is difficult, remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.3.3. If casualty is unconscious and:- Not breathing – ensure that there is no obstruction to breathing and give artificial respiration by trained personnel. If necessary, give external cardiac massage and obtain medical assistance.- Breathing – place in the recovery position. Administer oxygen if necessary. 3.4. Obtain medical assistance if breathing remains difficult.3.5. (Subject to applicability) If there is any suspicion of inhalation of H2S:- Rescuers must wear breathing apparatus, belt and safety rope, and follow rescue procedures.- Remove casualty to fresh air as quickly as possible.- Immediately begin artificial respiration if breathing has ceased.- Provision of oxygen may help.- Obtain medical advice for further treatment.4. Skin Contact4.1. Symptoms: dry skin, irritation may arise in case of repeated or prolonged exposure. May cause burn in case of contact with product at high temperature4.2. Remove contaminated clothing and footwear, and dispose of safely. 4.3. Wash affected area with soap and water. 4.4. Never use gasoline, kerosene or other solvents for washing of contaminated skin.4.5. Seek medical attention if skin irritation, swelling or redness develops and persists.4.6. For minor thermal burns: Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold running water for at least five minutes, or until the pain subsides. However, body hypothermia should be avoided.4.7. Do not put ice on the burn; Remove non-sticking garments carefully. DO NOT attempt to remove portions of clothing glued to burnt skin but cut round them.4.8. Seek medical attention in all cases of serious burns5. Eye Contact5.1. Symptoms: slight irritation (unspecific). May cause burn in case of contact with product at high temperature5.2. Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do so. Continue rinsing5.3. If irritation, blurred vision or swelling occurs and persists, obtain medical attention.5.4. If hot product is splashed into the eye, it should be cooled immediately to dissipate heat, under cold running water. Immediately obtain specialist medical assessment and treatment for the casualty.6 Ingestion/aspiration6.1 Symptoms: few or no symptoms expected. If any, nausea and diarrhoea might occur.6.2 Do not induce vomiting. Ask for medical assistance 6.3 Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

Fire-fighting measures

1. Extinguishing Media - Foam (Specifically trained personnel only)- Water fog (Specifically trained personnel only)- Dry chemical powder- Carbon dioxide- Other inert gases (subject to regulations)- Sand or earth2. Unsuitable Extinguishing Media2.1. Do not use direct water jets on the burning product; they could cause splattering and spread the fire.2.2. Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.3. Combustion Products3.1. Incomplete combustion is likely to give rise to a complex mixture of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases, including carbon monoxide and unidentified organic and inorganic compounds.3.2. If sulfur compounds are present in appreciable amounts, combustion products may include also H2S and SOx (sulfur oxides) or sulfuric acid. 4. Protective Equipment for Firefighters4.1. In case of a large fire or in confined or poorly ventilated spaces wear full fire resistant protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Accidental release measures

1. General information1.1. Stop or contain leak at the source if safe to do so. Avoid direct contact with released material. Stay upwind. In case of large spillages, alert occupants in downwind areas1.2. Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage. Alert emergency personnel. Except in case of small spillages, the feasibility of any actions should always be assessed and advised, if possible, by a trained, competent person in charge of managing the emergency.1.3. It is recommended to eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so (e.g. electricity, sparks, fires, flares). 1.4. (Subject to applicability): In those cases when the presence of dangerous amounts of H2S around the spilled product is suspected or proved, additional or special actions may be warranted, including access restrictions, use of special protection equipment, procedures and personnel training 1.5. If required, notify relevant authorities according to all applicable regulations. 2. Personal protection equipment for emergency responders2.1. Small spillages: normal antistatic working clothes are usually adequate. Large spillages: full body suit of chemically resistant and antistatic material, if necessary heat resistant and insulated.2.2. Work gloves providing adequate chemical resistance, specifically to aromatic hydrocarbons. Note: gloves made of PVA are not water-resistant, and are not suitable for emergency use.If contact with hot product is possible or anticipated, gloves should be heat-resistant and thermally insulated.2.3. Work helmet. Antistatic non-skid safety shoes or boots, if necessary heat-resistant.2.4. Goggles or face shield, if splashes or contact with eyes is possible or anticipated.2.5. Respiratory protection: A half or full-face respirator with filter(s) for organic vapours or a Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) can be used according to the extent of spill and predictable amount of exposure. If the situation cannot be completely assessed, or if an oxygen deficiency is possible, only SCBA’s should be used.3. Spillages onto land3.1. Prevent product from entering sewers, rivers, waterways or other bodies of water3.2. If necessary dike the product with dry earth, sand or similar non-combustible materials.3.3. Let hot product cool naturally3.4. Large spillages may be cautiously covered with foam, if available, to limit fire risk. Do not use direct jets3.5. When inside buildings or confined spaces, ensure adequate ventilation.3.6. Absorb spilled product with suitable non-combustible materials.3.7. Collect free product with suitable means. Transfer collected product and other contaminated materials to suitable tanks or containers for recycle, recovery or safe disposal.3.8. In case of soil contamination, remove the contaminated soil and treat this in accordance with local regulations.4. Spillages on water or at sea4.1. Product less dense than water: In case of small spillages in closed waters (i.e. ports), contain product with floating barriers or other equipment. Collect spilled product by absorbing with specific floating absorbents4.2. If possible, large spillages in open waters should be contained with floating barriers or other mechanical means. If this is not possible, control the spreading of the spillage, and collect the product by skimming or other suitable mechanical means.4.3. The use of dispersants should be advised by an expert, and, if required, approved by local authorities.4.4. Collect recovered product and other contaminated materials in suitable tanks or containers for recovery or safe disposal.4.5. Product which is denser than water will sink to the bottom, and usually no intervention will be feasible. If possible, collect the product and contaminated materials with mechanical means, and store/dispose of according to relevant regulations. In special situations (to be assessed on case-by case basis, according to expert judgement and local conditions), excavations of trenches on the bottom to collect the product, or burying the product with sand may be a feasible option.5. Additional information5.1. Note: recommended measures are based on the most likely spillage scenarios for this material; however, local conditions (wind, air temperature, wave/current direction and speed) may significantly influence the choice of appropriate actions. For this reason, local experts should be consulted when necessary. Local regulations may also prescribe or limit actions to be taken.5.2. (Subject to applicability): Concentration of H2S in tank headspaces may reach hazardous values, especially in case of prolonged storage. This situation is especially relevant for those operations which involve direct exposure to the vapours in the tank.5.3. (Subject to applicability): Spillages of limited amounts of products, especially in the open air when vapours will be usually quickly dispersed, are dynamic situations, which are unlikely to entail exposure to dangerous concentrations. As H2S has a density greater than ambient air, a possible exception may regard the build-up of dangerous concentrations in specific spots, like trenches, depressions or confined spaces. In all these circumstances, however, the correct actions should be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

Handling and storage

1. General Information1.1. (Subject to applicability, CMR) Obtain special instructions before use. 1.2. Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding handling and storage facilities of combustible products are followed.1.3. (Subject to applicability) A specific assessment of inhalation risks from the presence of H2S in tank headspaces, confined spaces, product residue, tank waste and waste water, and unintentional releases must be made to help determine controls appropriate to local circumstances.1.4. It is recommended to keep away from sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking.1.5. Use and store only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.1.6. Avoid contact with the product.1.7. Avoid release to the environment.2. Handling2.1. Take precautionary measures against static electricity.2.2. Avoid splash filling of bulk volumes when handling hot liquid product. 2.3. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid breathing fume/mist. 2.4. Prevent the risk of slipping2.5. Use personal protective equipment as required. 2.6. For more information regarding protective equipment and operational conditions for a substance which is classified according to classification notes, see exposure scenarios. These risk management measures represent a worst case. For a non-classified substance proportionate information may be found in the Safety Data Sheet.3. Storage3.1. Storage area layout, tank design, equipment and operating procedures must comply with the relevant European, national or local legislation.3.2. Storage installations should be designed with adequate bunds so as to prevent ground and water pollution in case of leaks or spills. 3.3. Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of internal structure of storage tanks must be done only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company regulations. 3.4. Before entering storage tanks and commencing any operation in a confined area check the atmosphere for oxygen content and flammability. (Subject to applicability) If sulphur compounds are suspected to be present in the product, check the atmosphere for H2S content.3.5. Store separately from oxidising agents.4. Recommended and Unsuitable Materials for Storage4.1. Recommended materials: For containers, or container linings use mild steel, stainless steel.4.2. Unsuitable materials: Some synthetic materials may be unsuitable for containers or container linings depending on the material specification and intended use. Compatibility should be checked with the manufacturer5. Container AdviceIf the product is supplied in containers:5.1. Keep only in the original container or in a suitable container for this kind of product. 5.2. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep containers tightly closed and properly labelled.5.3. Empty containers may contain combustible product residues. Do not weld, solder, drill, cut or incinerate empty containers, unless they have been properly cleaned. 6. Hygiene measures6.1. Ensure that proper housekeeping measures are in place.6.2. Contaminated materials should not be allowed to accumulate in the workplaces and should never be kept inside the pockets6.3. Keep away from food and beverages.6.4. Do not eat, drink or smoke while using this product6.5. Wash the hands thoroughly after handling 6.6. Change contaminated clothes at the end of working shift.

Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Language:
English
Class:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Classification code:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Packaging group:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Remarks:
None.

Inland waterway transport (ADN(R))

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Language:
English
Class:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Classification code:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Packaging group:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Remarks
None.

Marine transport (IMDG)

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Class:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Packaging group:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
EmS code:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Remarks
None.

Air transport ICAO/IATA

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Class:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Packaging group:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Remarks
None.

Additional transport information

Additional transport information
Preamble 0.1
The transportation of dangerous goods (by land, water or air) is a specialized professional field. Dangerous goods transport is regulated by an extensive body of recommendations, regulations, rules and agreements to ensure an adequate and harmonized level of safety for man and environment. Whereas some of these requirements have been adopted as European Union legislation (see reference), others are legally binding international treaties or sector agreements. They cover all the relevant technical aspects involved in the transport of dangerous goods (e.g. choice of equipment, labelling, documentation, packaging design, testing procedures, operating procedures etc.).
0.2
In addition to legal obligations discussed in the previous paragraph, Member states will also have in place detailed binding regulations governing the general conduct of transport activities, including licensing and inspection of vehicles, the authorization of drivers and other personnel, and issues relating to the rules of the road. There may also be specific national exceptions and requirements. 0.3
The legal framework and its accompanying detailed provisions will specify which actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or forbidden. Extensive repetition of this background information is not practicable in a safety data sheet and could make the document too long and difficult to read and understand, especially in an emergency when clear, brief information is needed.
0.4
The consideration of this background information enables the content of the safety data sheet to be concentrated on the identification of a product's proper shipping name and its hazard classification. Where it is relevant, other information may be added. This information will act as key for the professional for retrieving the necessary specific information in the relevant body of transport codes, rules and regulations.
0.5
Substances in this category may be classified differently. Factors affecting classification include composition, closed flash point, initial boiling point and aquatic toxicity. The differences are explained in additional transport information paragraphs that have been numbered.

Exposure controls / personal protection

Note: In this case the information in heading 8 is not required, according to Art. 14 (1) and (2), and Annex VI, Sect. 5.6 of the Regulation.(If applicable, substance registered as an isolated or transported intermediate). Please refer to the assessment report on Risk Management Measures in Section 13 which provides the required information on Strictly Controlled Conditions for the registration of this isolated/transported intermediate.

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations