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EC number: 947-137-0
CAS number: -
Not skin sensitiser.
The skin sensitization potential of Basic
Brown 022 was assessed by a weight of evidence approach, relying on both
in vitro and in vivo studies.
A test using the KeratinoSens™ method
(ARE-Nrf2 Luciferase Test Method) was run according to OECD guideline
The test was run in 2 independent runs
using 12 doses between 2000 µM to 1 µM; there was cytotoxicity induced
(viability < 70 %) by test item in KeratinoSens™ cells compared to the
solvent/vehicle control at several concentrations in both tests. In the
first run the IC30 and IC50 values were 185 µM and 209 µM while in the
second run 179 µM and 204 µM respectively. However, induction did not
exceed the threshold of 1.5 -fold at any concentrations compared to
negative controls, thus both runs were concluded to be negative.
A further in vitro test, h-CLAT, was run
according to OECD guideline 442E. The potential for inducing expression
of THP-1 cell surface markers CD86 and CD54 associated with the
activation of dendritic cells (DC) in the skin sensitisation reactions
The extent of cytotoxicity induced on
THP-1 cells by test item was studied in 2 dose finding tests. In the
main test, 8 doses were used in each independent run between 163 and 45
No increase of CD54 expression was
observed when the dose-levels of test item were compared with the
negative control; increase in CD86 marker expression (RFI) is ≥ 150 %
compared to the respective negative controls in at least one tested dose
(with > 50 % of cell viability) in each independent run, test item
prediction is considered as positive.
Based on these results, test item was
considered as positive under testing conditions.
Due to conflicting results, a further test
As Basic Brown 022 is a metal complex, a
DPRA according to OECD 442C could not be performed. Similarly, a in vivo
LLNA according to OECD 429 could not be run.
Consequently, a Buehler test on Guinea pig
according to OECD guideline 406 was run.
A concentration of 100 mg in 0.1 ml was
used for induction and challenge phase of main study, based on a
The main study comprised a vehicle control
group and a treatment group. Main study included 3 inductions on day 0,
7 and 14 and challenge on day 28.
Test substance was applied topically under
occlusive bandage and removed after 6 hours. During induction phase,
skin reactions were observed approximately at 1 and 24 hours post
removal of test patches; during challenge phase, skin reactions were
observed approximately at 24 and 48 hours post removal.
In both induction and challenge phase, no
skin reactions were observed in vehicle control and treatment group
According to the CLP Regulation (EC
1272/2008), skin sensitiser means a substance that will lead to an
allergic response following skin contact.
Conflicting results in vitro did not allow
to draw a conclusion on the skin sensitising potential.
Based a Buehler assay, classification in
cat. 1A and 1B is as follows:
- cat. 1A: ≥ 15 % responding at ≤ 0,2 %
topical induction dose or ≥ 60 % responding at > 0,2 % to ≤ 20 % topical
- cat. 1B: ≥ 15 % to < 60 % responding at
> 0,2 % to ≤ 20 % topical induction dose or ≥ 15 % responding at > 20 %
topical induction dose.
As no positive response was seen after
induction and challenge, Basic Brown 022 was considered as not skin
sensitising and not classified within the CLP Regulation.
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