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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

phototransformation in air
Type of information:
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
16-17 Apr 2018
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
QMRF and QPRF attached

Data source

Atmospheric Oxidation Program for Microsoft Windows (AOPWIN v1.92)
Bibliographic source:
AOPWIN - Kwok ESC, Atkinson R.  1995.   Estimation of Hydroxyl Radical Reaction Rate Constants for Gas-Phase Organic Compounds Using a Structure-Reactivity Relationship: An Update. Atm. Env. 29: 1685-95.

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
other: Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment: Chapter R.6: QSARs and grouping of chemicals
GLP compliance:
QSAR model

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
2-[methyl[(nonafluorobutyl)sulphonyl]amino]ethyl methacrylate
EC Number:
EC Name:
2-[methyl[(nonafluorobutyl)sulphonyl]amino]ethyl methacrylate
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
2-(N-methyl-1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,4-nonafluorobutanesulfonamido)ethyl 2-methylprop-2-enoate
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SMILES: FC(F)(C(F)(F)C(F)(F)C(F)(F)F)S(=O)(=O)N(C)CCOC(=O)C(=C)C

Study design

Estimation method (if used):
- Concentration of OH radicals: 500000 *OH/cm³ (24-hour average)
- Temperature for which rate constant was calculated: 25 °C
- Computer programme: EPI Suite module AOPWIN (v1.92) as distributed within EPI Suite v.4.11, released November 2012
- Other: EPI Suite module AOPWIN (v1.92) utilizes experimentally determined group rate constants to estimate the overall OH radical reaction rate constant for a chemical. EPISuite is a valid QSAR and this substance is within the applicability domain since there are analogous substances in the training set.

Results and discussion

Dissipation half-life of parent compound
12 h
Test condition:
indirect phototransformation by hydroxyl radicals at 25 °C, 24-h average concentration 5E+05 *OH/cm³
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR predicted value
Degradation rate constant
Reaction with:
OH radicals
Rate constant:
0 cm³ molecule-1 s-1
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR predicted value

Any other information on results incl. tables

Validity of Model (OECD 5 principles):

1) Defined endpoint: Photodegradation rate constant

2) Unambiguous algorithm: The predicted value of the rate constant for reaction with hydroxyl radicals is calculated through the following equation:

overall OH rate const = ∑F(x)k{group}

where F(x) is the substituent scale factor and k{group} is the hydroxyl radical reaction rate constant for each individual chemical group in the test species.

3) Applicability domain: the software's training set contains several alkyl ester acrylate and fluorinated alkyl compounds which are structurally related to the test substance. The sulfonamide is not represented in the training set and does not contribute to the calculated rate constant. Experimental results show that reaction of hydroxyl radicals with sulfonamide groups is a minor channel for perfluoroalkyl sulfonamide phototransformation (D'eon, et al.). This is not an exhaustive list of all chemical species in the reference data, merely those which may be grouped with the test compound. The test substance is therefore within the applicability domain of the model.

4) Statistical characterization: Statistical variation of 36 pairs of experimental and predicted photodegradation rates for alkyl esters, alkyl acrylates, and fluorinated alkanes and indicates that there is a 0.972 correlation coefficient (r-squared), a standard deviation of 0.187 and an absolute mean error of 0.135.

5) Mechanistic interpretation: The primary mechanism of photolysis is through indirect photodegradation by reaction with hydroxyl radicals which are produced during the daylight hours.

Please see attached QMRF and QPRF for justification of model and applicability.

D'eon, J.C.; Hurley, H.D.; Wallington, T.J.; Mabury, S.A. "Atmospheric chemistry of N-methyl perfluorobutane sulfonamidoethanol, C4F9SO2N(CH3)CH2CH2OH: kinetics and mechanism of reaction with OH." Environ. Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 1862-1868.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
This model conforms with the 5 principles set forth by OECD for validation of QSAR models.
The half-life of C4 sulfonamido methacrylate, based on hydroxyl radical concentrations in the atmosphere of 5.0E5 OH radicals / cm3, is estimated to be 12 hours. This indicates that the test material is not expected to be subject to long range environmental transport.
Executive summary:

Photolysis of C4 sulfonamido methacrylate was estimated utilizing the AOPWIN v1.92 module of EPISuite v4.11.  Structurally, C4-acrylate contains moieties that are part of the training set of the software (with the exception of the sulfonamide) and is thus, within the predictive domain of the software. Hydroxyl radical reactions with sulfonamide groups is not expected to be a major pathway based on experimental results for a related compound.  

The half-life/DT50 (50% decline times) of the test substance, using hydroxyl radical concentrations in the atmosphere of 5.0E5 OH radicals / cm3, was predicted to be 16.7 hours. This indicates that the test material is not expected to be persistent in the atmosphere and long range transport is not expected.  

This study is classified as an acceptable QSAR and satisfies the requirements for photolysis study. It is pertinent to the fate of C4-acrylate and is suitable for use in Risk Assessment, Classification & Labeling, and PBT Analysis.