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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

First-aid measures

1st aid
1. Preamble

1.1. Indications on Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for the professional user about guidance on safe use of petroleum products, in all its aspects, should take into account that applicable legislation and general accepted practices for the management of industrial routine activities or emergencies, as well as company operating procedures, already compose a background which indicates which general actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or unadvisable in such cases. An extensive recapitulation of all this background information will not necessarily add information value to a SDS, and may actually decrease the readability of the document, especially in an emergency. Therefore the indications meant for actual inclusion in SDSs can be focused (although not necessarily limited) to:
- Product specific issues (i.e. special hazards or characteristics)
- Key Actions (or group of actions) that are applicable in the specific case

1.2. The actual level of detail of information and its phrasing in individual SDSs may reflect local or national conventions or requirements, or company policies, but without infringing on the consistency with the information submitted hereunder. Also, more stringent national or local legal requirements or conventions will take precedence over the guidance provided in this document

2. Warning before intervention

2.1. Before attempting to rescue casualties, isolate area from all potential sources of ignition including disconnecting electrical supply.

2.2. Ensure adequate ventilation and check that a safe, breathable atmosphere is present before entry into confined spaces.

2.3. Drench contaminated clothing with water before removing to avoid risk of sparks from static electricity;

2.4. (Subject to applicability) Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) can accumulate in the headspace of storage tanks and reach potentially hazardous concentrations.

3. Inhalation

3.1. Symptoms: inhalation of vapours may cause headache, nausea, vomiting and an altered state of consciousness.

3.2. If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

3.3. If the casualty is unconscious and:
* Not breathing – ensure that there is no obstruction to breathing and give artificial respiration by trained personnel. If necessary, give external cardiac massage and obtain medical assistance.
* Breathing - place in the recovery position and keep the head below the level of the torso. Administer oxygen if necessary;

3.4. Obtain medical attention if casualty has an altered state of consciousness or if symptoms do not resolve.

3.5. (Subject to applicability) If there is any suspicion of inhalation of H2S:
* Rescuers must wear breathing apparatus, belt and safety rope, and follow rescue procedures.
* Remove casualty to fresh air as quickly as possible.
* Immediately begin artificial respiration if breathing has ceased.
* Provision of oxygen may help.
* Obtain medical advice for further treatment.

4. Skin Contact

4.1. Symptoms: reddening, irritation.

4.2. Remove contaminated clothing and footwear, and dispose of safely

4.3. Wash affected area with soap and water.

4.4. Seek medical attention if skin irritation, swelling or redness develops and persists.

4.5. When using high-pressure equipment, injection of product can occur. If high-pressure injuries occur, immediately seek professional medical attention. Do not wait for symptoms to develop

4.6. For minor thermal burns: Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold running water for at least five minutes, or until the pain subsides. However, body hypothermia must be avoided.

5. Eye Contact

5.1. Symptoms: slight irritation (unspecific).

5.2. Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do so. Continue rinsing.

5.3. If irritation, blurred vision or swelling occurs and persists, obtain medical advice from a specialist.

6. Ingestion/aspiration

6.1. Symptoms: few or no symptoms expected. If any, nausea and diarrhoea might occur.

6.2. Ingestion (swallowing) of this material may result in an altered state of consciousness and loss of coordination

6.3. In case of ingestion, always assume that aspiration has occurred .The casualty should be sent immediately to a hospital. Do not wait for symptoms to develop.

6.4. Do not induce vomiting as there is high risk of aspiration.

6.5. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

Fire-fighting measures

Fire fighting
1. Product specific hazards and other issues
1.1. This substance will float and can be reignited on surface water.

2. Extinguishing Media
- Foam (Specifically trained personnel only)
- Water fog (Specifically rained personnel only)
- Dry chemical powder
- Carbon dioxide
- Other inert gases (subject to regulations)
- Sand or earth

3. Unsuitable Extinguishing Media
3.1. Do not use direct water jets on the burning product; they could cause splattering and spread the fire.
3.2. Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.

4. Combustion Products
4.1. Incomplete combustion is likely to give rise to a complex mixture of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases, including carbon monoxide and unidentified organic and inorganic compounds.
4.2. If sulphur compounds are present in appreciable amounts, combustion products may include also H2S and SOx (sulfur oxides) or sulfuric acid.

5. Protective Equipment for Fire-fighters
5.1. In case of a large fire or in confined or poorly ventilated spaces wear full fire resistant protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Accidental release measures

Accidental release
1. General information

1.1. Stop or contain leak at the source if safe to do so. Avoid direct contact with released material. Stay upwind. In case of large spillages, alert occupants in downwind areas.
1.2. Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage. Alert emergency personnel.
Except in case of small spillages, the feasibility of any actions should always be assessed and advised, if possible, by a trained, competent person in charge of managing the emergency.
1.3. Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so (e.g. electricity, sparks, fires, flares).
1.4. If required, notify relevant authorities according to all applicable regulations.

2. Personal protection equipment for emergency responders

Small spillages: normal antistatic working clothes are usually adequate.
Large spillages: full body suit of chemically resistant and antistatic material
Work gloves providing adequate chemical resistance, specifically to aromatic hydrocarbons. Note: gloves made of PVA are not water-resistant, and are not suitable for emergency use.
2.3. Work helmet. Antistatic non-skid safety shoes or boots
2.4. Goggles or face shield, if splashes or contact with eyes is possible or anticipated.
2.5. Respiratory protection: A half or full-face respirator with filter(s) for organic vapours or a Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) can be used according to the extent of spill and predictable amount of exposure. If the situation cannot be completely assessed, or if an oxygen deficiency is possible, only SCBA’s should be used.

3. Spillages onto land

3.1. Prevent product from entering sewers, rivers, waterways or other bodies of water
3.2. If necessary dike the product with dry earth, sand or similar non-combustible materials.
3.3. Large spillages may be cautiously covered with foam, if available, to limit vapour cloud formation. Do not use direct jets
3.4. When inside buildings or confined spaces, ensure adequate ventilation.
3.5. Absorb spilled product with suitable non-combustible materials.
3.6. Collect free product with suitable means. Transfer collected product and other contaminated materials to suitable containers for recovery or safe disposal.
3.7. In case of soil contamination, remove contaminated soil and treat in accordance with local regulations.

4. Spillages on water or at sea

4.1. In case of small spillages in closed waters (i.e. ports), contain product with floating barriers or other equipment. Collect spilled product by absorbing with specific floating absorbents
4.2. Large spillages in open waters should be contained with floating barriers or other mechanical means and recovered, only if this is strictly necessary and if fire/explosion risks can be adequately prevented. Otherwise control the spreading of the spillage, and let the substance evaporate naturally.
4.3. The use of dispersants should be advised by an expert, and, if required, approved by local authorities.
4.4. Collect all waste materials in suitable tanks or containers for recovery or safe disposal.

5. Additional information

5.1. Note: recommended measures are based on the most likely spillage scenarios for this material; however, local conditions (wind, air temperature, wave/current direction and speed) may significantly influence the choice of appropriate actions. For this reason, local experts should be consulted when necessary. Local regulations may also prescribe or limit actions to be taken.

Handling and storage

Handling and storage
1. General Information

1.1. Risk of explosive mixtures of vapour and air. Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding explosive atmospheres, and handling and storage facilities of flammable products, are followed.
1.2. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking
1.5. Stored only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area in case of
1.6. Avoid contact with the product.
1.7. Avoid release to the environment.

2. Handling

2.1. Take precautionary measures against static electricity.
2.2. Ground/bond containers, tanks and transfer/receiving equipment
2.3. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting equipment
2.4. Use only non-sparking tools
2.5. The vapour is heavier than air. Beware of accumulation in pits and confined spaces.
2.6. Use only bottom loading of tankers, in compliance with European legislation.
2.7. Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling operations.
2.8. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not ingest. Do not breathe vapours.
2.9. Use personal protective equipment as required.

3. Storage

3.1. Storage area layout, tank design, equipment and operating procedures must comply with the relevant European, national or local legislation.
3.2. Storage installations should be designed with adequate bunds so as to prevent ground and water pollution in case of leaks or spills.
3.3. Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of the internal structure of storage tanks must be done only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company regulations.
3.4. Before entering storage tanks and commencing any operation in a confined area check the atmosphere for oxygen content and flammability.
3.5. Store separately from oxidising agents.

4. Recommended and Unsuitable Materials for Storage

4.1. Recommended materials: For containers, or container linings use mild steel, stainless steel.
4.2. Unsuitable materials: Some synthetic materials may be unsuitable for containers or container linings depending on the material specification and intended use. Compatibility should be checked with the manufacturer.

5. Container Advice

If the product is supplied in containers:
5.1. Keep only in the original container, or in an approved container for this kind of product.
5.2. Keep containers tightly closed and properly labelled. Protect from the sunlight
5.3. Light hydrocarbon vapours can build up in the headspace of containers. These can cause flammability / explosion hazards. Open slowly in order to control possible pressure release.
5.4. Empty containers may contain flammable product residues. Do not weld, solder, drill, cut or incinerate empty containers, unless they have been properly cleaned.

6. Hygiene measures

6.1. Ensure that proper housekeeping measures are in place.
6.2. Contaminated materials should not be allowed to accumulate in the workplace and should never be kept inside the pockets.
6.3. Keep away from food and beverages.
6.4. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
6.5. Wash the hands thoroughly after handling.
6.6. Change contaminated clothes at the end of working shift.

7. Additional information

7.1. This substance is handled under Strictly Controlled Conditions in accordance with REACH regulation Article 17(3) for on-site isolated intermediates and, in case the substance is transported to other sites for further processing, the substance should be handled at these sites under the Strictly Controlled Conditions as specified in REACH regulation Article 18(4). Site documentation to support safe handling arrangements including the selection of engineering, administrative and personal protective equipment controls in accordance with risk-based management systems is available at manufacturing site.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Exposure control
Note: In this case the information in heading 8 is not required, according to Art. 14 (1) and (2), and Annex VI, Sect. 5.6 of the Regulation.
The accompanying text is provided as applicable statements in case of a substance registered as an isolated intermediate under Strictly Controlled Conditions.

This substance is handled under Strictly Controlled Conditions in accordance with REACH regulation Article 17(3) for on-site isolated intermediates. Site documentation to support safe handling arrangements including the selection of engineering, administrative and personal protective equipment controls in accordance with risk-based management systems is available at each manufacturing site.

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations