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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Toxicological information

Endpoint summary

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Administrative data

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin sensitisation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Additional information:

Fatty acids are found in all living organisms fulfilling fundamental physiological functions within the body. Based on this role within the body no sensitization potential of fatty acids is expected as it could be demonstrated by human data with C8 fatty acid (octanoic acid) and by animal studies with C9 fatty acid (azelaic acid), C10 fatty acid (decanoic acid) and C12 fatty acid (lauric acid), respectively.

Octanoic was not found to be a skin sensitizer in a published study with 25 human subjects, who received an application of 0.3 g octanoic acid (CAS# 124-07-2) at 5% concentration under occlusion for induction onto the forearm 5 times for 24 hours (Opdyke, 1981). The challenge with a concentration of 1% did not result in any positive reaction when scored 72 and 96 hours later.

Azelaic acid (CAS# 123-99-9) was examined for its skin sensitization potential in a Guinea Pig Maximisation test which was conducted under GLP according to OECD guideline 406 (Lea, 1995). 10 Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs received an intradermal injection of 0.25% azelaic acid for induction followed by the second induction 8 days later as an application of 50% azelaic acid on the same site, which had been previously treated with 10% SDS in petrolatum. The used concentrations were based on a preliminary range finding test, where the suitable concentrations for the intradermal injection and patch testing were evaluated. Eleven days after the induction application the test animals and the 5 control animals were challenged with 50% test material by occluded patch. As result, no sensitizing effects could be observed 24 and 48 hours after the challenge.

The skin sensitization potential of decanoic acid (CAS# 334-48-5) was tested in a Buhler test, where 20 guinea pigs were induced with an epicutanous application of 5% decanoic acid in 40% ethanol under occlusion for 6 hours once a week for three consecutive weeks (Sauter and Ritz, 1975). Two weeks after the last induction, the animals were challenged epicutanously under occlusion with a concentration of 5% decanoic acid in acetone for 6 hours. The readings 24 and 48 hours after removal of the patches revealed occasional very slight degree of irritation in the dose and control groups, respectively. However, no signs of a sensitization reaction were noted.

The same negative result was obtained for lauric acid (CAS# 143-07-7) tested in a study according to the method described by Magnusson and Kligman (Gloxhuber and Potokar, 1979). 20 female Pirbright-white guinea pigs received an induction by intradermal injection and were challenged with a concentration of 2.5% epicutanously under occlusion for 24 hours. The readings of the skin sites 24 and 48 hours later did not reveal any reaction so that lauric acid is regarded as not sensitizing to skin.

Migrated from Short description of key information:
Studies on skin sensitisation (animal and human skin sensitisation tests) are available for the following fatty acid category members:
CAS# 124-07-2, C8 (Opdyke, 1981)
CAS# 123-99-9, C9 (Lea, 1995)
CAS# 334-48-5, C10 (Sauter and Ritz, 1975)
CAS# 143-07-7, C12 (Gloxhuber and Potokar, 1979)
All available skin sensitisation studies showed that fatty acids are not skin sensitising.

Respiratory sensitisation

Endpoint conclusion
Additional information:

No data available.

Migrated from Short description of key information:
No data available.

Justification for classification or non-classification

According to DSD (67/548/EEC) or CLP (1272/2008/EC) classification criteria for skin sensitisation, fatty acids do not fulfill the criteria for classification and thus a non-classification is warranted for this endpoint.