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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Product-Specific hazards:

Causes skin irritation.

May cause cancer and genetic defects.

(Subject to applicability) Liquid of low viscosity: Risk of serious damage to the lungs if swallowed (by subsequent aspiration).

Other hazards (depending on concentrations of naphthalene, toluene, biphenyl and styrene):

May cause eye and/or respiratory irritation

Harmful if inhaled and/or ingested.

May cause damage to organs through prolonged and repeated exposure.

Vapours may cause drowsiness or dizziness.

Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.

General advice :

Where there is potential for exposure: restrict access to authorised persons; provide specific activity training to operators to minimise exposures.

Take care to self-protect by avoiding becoming contaminated.

Use adequate respiratory protection.

Move contaminated patient(s) out of the dangerous area.

Take off all contaminated clothing and shoes.

Seek medical assistance - show the material safety data sheet or label if possible.

Inhalation :

Move to fresh air.

Do not leave the victim unattended.

Keep patient warm and at rest.

Seek immediate medical attention.

If breathing is difficult, give oxygen if possible or assisted ventilation, (do not use mouth to mouth).

If unconscious place in recovery position.

In the event of cardiac arrest, (no pulse), apply cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Skin contact :

Take off all contaminated clothing and shoes.

Immediately flush affected area with plenty of soap and water – continue for at least 15 minutes.

If there are signs of irritation or other symptoms seek medical attention.

Eye contact :

Remove any contact lenses.

Flush eyes with water thoroughly and continuously for at least 15 minutes.

Keep eye wide open while rinsing.

Protect unharmed eye.

If there are signs of irritation or other symptoms seek medical attention.

If eye irritation, pain, swelling, lachrimation or photophobia persists, the patient should be seen in a specialist health care facility.

Ingestion :

Clean mouth with water and drink afterwards plenty of water.

Do not give milk or alcoholic beverages.

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

(Subject to applicability) : Liquid of low viscosity: Do NOT induce vomiting, if vomiting does occur, have victim lean forward to reduce risk of aspiration. Get medical attention immediately.

Advice to Physician :

Causes irritation to the skin. This irritation can result in redness and swelling of the skin. Repeated contact with

the skin may cause it to become dry and cracked.

May cause eye irritation. This irritation can result in redness and swelling of the eyes.

May cause respiratory irritation.  If inhalation occurs, signs and symptoms may include sore throat, headache, nausea, coughing, choking, wheezing,difficulty in breathing, chest congestion, shortness of breath and may cause transient central nervous system (CNS) depression.

In case of ingestion, Ipecac-induced emesis is not recommended.

Consider use of charcoal as a slurry (240mL water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults.

If a potentially fatal dose has been ingested the stomach should be emptied by gastric lavage under qualified medical supervision with the airway protected by endotracheal intubation.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media :

LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, water fog or foam. DO NOT use direct water jet.

SMALL FIRE: Dry powder or carbon dioxide (CO2) extinguisher, dry sand or fire fighting foam.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media :

(Do Not use) Direct water jet.

Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.

Combustion Products :

Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and unburned hydrocarbons (smoke).

Specific hazards during fire fighting :

Containers may explode under fire conditions - use water spray to cool unopened containers.

Do not allow run-off from fire fighting to enter drains or water courses – may cause explosion hazard in drains and may reignite on surface water.

Further information :

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters :

Wear an approved positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus in addition to standard fire fighting gear.

Accidental release measures

Eliminate all ignition sources (no smoking, flares, sparks or flames in immediate area).

Personal precautions :

Wear personal protective equipment.

Avoid breathing vapours or mist.

Ensure adequate ventilation and absence of sources of ignition.

Environmental precautions :

Land spillage :

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.

Prevent spillage from entering drains, sewer, basement or confined areas.

Water spillage :

Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so.

If the spillage contaminates rivers, lakes or drains inform respective authorities.

Methods for clean up :

Land spillage:

Contain spillage.

Spillages can be taken up by collection with non-combustible absorbent material, (e.g. sand, earth,

diatomaceous earth, vermiculite) and placed in container for disposal according to local / national


Water spillage:

Contain with booms or barriers, use surface acting agents to thicken spilled materials.

Remove trapped material with suction hoses.

Further accidental release measures :

Ensure all equipment is non sparking or electrically bonded.

Avoid direct contact with released material.

Stay upwind.

Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage.

Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas.

Handling and storage

Advice on safe handling :

Smoking, eating and drinking should be prohibited.

Avoid all sources of ignition.

Avoid contact with heat, ignition sources and oxidizing agents.

Use only in well ventilated areas.

Containers should be opened only under exhaust ventilation hood.

Use proper bonding and/or grounding procedures.

This material is a static accumulator: Take precautionary measures against static discharges.

Do not allow splash filling of bulk volumes.

Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging or handling.

Do not pressurise, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, or grind on containers.

The vapour is heavier than air, beware of accumulation in pits and confined spaces.

Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of the internal structure of storage tanks must be done

only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company regulation.

Dispose of rinse water in accordance with local and national regulations.

Storage :

No smoking.

Store in either mild steel or stainless steel containers or vessels.

Store in a designated cool and well-ventilated place.

Store in the original, tightly closed, container.

Containers which are opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.

Keep container tightly closed and properly labelled.

Storage installations should be designed with adequate bunds so as to prevent ground and water pollution in case of leaks or spills.

Fixed storage containers, transfer containers and associated equipment should be earthed and bonded to prevent accumulation of static charge.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

This substance is handled under Strictly Controlled Conditions in accordance with REACH regulation Article 17(3) for on-site isolated intermediates and, in case the substance is transported to other sites for further processing, the substance should be handled at these sites under the Strictly Controlled Conditions as specified in REACH regulation Article 18(4).  Site documentation to support safe handling arrangements including the selection of engineering, administrative and personal protective equipment controls in accordance with risk-based management systems is available at each manufacturing site.

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations