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Description of key information

The skin sensitization potential of target chemical 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) was assessedin various experimental studies which were conducted on guinea pigs and humans for target chemical6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) and its structurally similar read across substanceBrilliant Black 1 (CAS No: 2519-30-4) and functionally read across substances aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 68583-95-9) and FD and C Red 4 (CAS No: 4548-53-2). The predicted data usingQSAR toolboxhas also been compared with the experimental data.Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that chemical 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) is unable to cause skin sensitization and thus can be considered as not sensitizing. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin sensitisation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin sensitisation
Remarks:
in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 and QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: Estmated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test
Justification for non-LLNA method:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material: 6-[(2,4-diaminophenyl)azo]-3-[[4-[[4-[[7-[(2,4-diaminophenyl)azo]-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3-sulphophenyl]azo]-4-hydroxynaphthalene-2-sulphonic acid
- Molecular formula: C44H35N13O11S3
- Molecular weight: 1018.0385 g/mol
- Smiles notation : c1cc(ccc1Nc2ccc(cc2S(=O)(=O)O)/N=N/c3c(cc4ccc(cc4c3O)/N=N/c5ccc(cc5N)N)S(=O)(=O)O)/N=N/c6c(cc7ccc(cc7c6O)/N=N/c8ccc(cc8N)N)S(=O)(=O)O
- InChl : 1S/C44H35N13O11S3/c45-24-3-12-35(33(47)17-24)54-51-28-5-1-22-15-39(70(63,64)65)41(43(58)31(22)19-28)56-50-27-9-7-26(8-10-27)49-37-14-11-30(21-38(37)69(60,61)62)53-57-42-40(71(66,67)68)16-23-2-6-29(20-32(23)44(42)59)52-55-36-13-4-25(46)18-34(36)48/h1-21,49,58-59H,45-48H2,(H,60,61,62)(H,63,64,65)(H,66,67,68)/b54-51+,55-52+,56-50+,57-53+
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: Solid
Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
Dunkin-Hartley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Route:
intradermal and epicutaneous
Vehicle:
not specified
Concentration / amount:
No data available
Day(s)/duration:
No data available
Adequacy of induction:
not specified
No.:
#1
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
not specified
Concentration / amount:
No data available
Day(s)/duration:
48 hours
Adequacy of challenge:
not specified
No. of animals per dose:
10
Details on study design:
No data available
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
No data available
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Clinical observations:
No skin sensitization was observed in treated guinea pigs.
Remarks on result:
no indication of skin sensitisation
Cellular proliferation data / Observations:
No skin sensitization was observed in treated guinea pigs.

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: "Skin Sensitisation"
Estimation method: Takes highest mode value from the 6 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" )  and ("e" and ( not "f") )  )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and ("o" and ( not "p") )  )  and "q" )  and "r" )  and ("s" and ( not "t") )  )  and ("u" and ( not "v") )  )  and ("w" and "x" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Amine OR Aromatic compound OR Azo compound OR Hydroxy compound OR Phenol OR Primary amine OR Primary aromatic amine OR Secondary amine OR Secondary aromatic amine OR Sulfonic acid OR Sulfonic acid derivative by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol, olefinic attach [-OH] OR Aliphatic Nitrogen, one aromatic attach [-N] OR Aliphatic Nitrogen, two aromatic attach [-N-] OR Aromatic Carbon [C] OR Azo [-N=N-] OR Hydroxy, aromatic attach [-OH] OR Hydroxy, sulfur attach [-OH] OR Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) OR Nitrogen, two or tree olefinic attach [>N-] OR Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] OR Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] OR Suflur {v+4} or {v+6} OR Sulfinic acid [-S(=O)OH] OR Sulfonate, aromatic attach [-SO2-O] by Organic functional groups (US EPA) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aminoaniline, meta OR Aromatic amine OR Aryl OR Azo OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR Overlapping groups OR Phenol OR Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups (nested) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aminoaniline, meta OR Aniline OR Aromatic amine OR Aryl OR Azo OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR Naphtalene OR Phenol OR Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinoneimines OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Quinone type compounds OR Michael addition >> Quinone type compounds >> Quinone methides OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Non-specific OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) >> Quinoneimines OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion >> Quinone methides OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes >> Polarised alkene - ketones OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes >> Polarised alkene - pyridines by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by in vitro mutagenicity (Ames test) alerts by ISS

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic diazo OR Aromatic mono-and dialkylamine OR Hydrazine OR Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons OR Primary aromatic amine,hydroxyl amine and its derived esters by in vitro mutagenicity (Ames test) alerts by ISS

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as H-acceptor-path3-H-acceptor by in vivo mutagenicity (Micronucleus) alerts by ISS

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by in vivo mutagenicity (Micronucleus) alerts by ISS

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkali Earth OR Metalloids OR Rare Earth by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group 14 - Carbon C AND Group 15 - Nitrogen N AND Group 16 - Oxygen O AND Group 16 - Sulfur S by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group 15 - Phosphorus P by Chemical elements

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aminoaniline, meta AND Aromatic amine AND Aryl AND Azo AND Fused carbocyclic aromatic AND Overlapping groups AND Phenol AND Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups (nested) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aminoaniline, meta AND Aromatic amine AND Aryl AND Azo AND Fused carbocyclic aromatic AND Overlapping groups AND Phenol AND Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups (nested) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not categorized by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Carboxylic acids (Hepatotoxicity) No rank by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not categorized by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Phenols (Mucous membrane irritation) Rank C by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "w"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -0.627

Domain logical expression index: "x"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 6.43

Interpretation of results:
other: not sensitizing
Conclusions:
The chemical 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) was estimated to be not sensitizing to the skin of Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs. Based on the estimated result 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) failed to induce skin sanitization effects and hence is considered to be not sensitizing to Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs.
Executive summary:

The skin sensitization potential of 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.4 with log Pow as the primary descriptor. The chemical 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) was estimated to be not sensitizing to the skin of Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs. Based on the estimated result 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) failed to induce skin sanitization effects and hence is considered to be not sensitizing to Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs and can be classified under the category ˋ Not Classified’ as per CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Additional information:

Skin sensitization:

Various studieshas been investigated for the test chemical6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) to observe the potential for skin sensitization to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in vivo experiments in guinea pigs and humans for target chemical6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) and its structurally similar read across substanceBrilliant Black 1 (CAS No: 2519-30-4) and functionally read across substances aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 68583-95-9) and FD and C Red 4 (CAS No: 4548-53-2). The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data and summarized as below;

 

The skin sensitization potential of 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with logPow as the primary descriptor. 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) was estimated to be not sensitizing to the skin of Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs. Based on the estimated result 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) can be considered to be not sensitizing to Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs.

 

The INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMME ON CHEMICAL SAFETY (IPCS INCHEM) {Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives; (WHO Food Additives Series 16; IPCS INCHEM; 1975} and EFSA {EFSA Journal 2010;8(4):1540} reported skin sensitization test of read across chemical Brilliant Black 1 (CAS No: 2519-30-4) in guinea pigs. Since the guinea pigs did not elicit any sensitizing effect, the test chemical Brilliant Black 1 (CAS No: 2519-30-4) was considered to be not sensitizing to the guinea pigs.

 

A Draize-Shelanski repeated insult patch test was conducted by IPCS INCHEM {Allura red AC (WHO Food Additives Series 15); IPCS INCHEM; 1981} for read across chemical aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 68583-95-9) on 200 human subjects. In this study, the chemical was applied to the subjects’ volvar forearms (200 subjects) as an aqueous solution for 10 alternate days, for 24-hour periods, followed by a 14-day rest period. Challenge batches were then applied under occlusion to fresh skin sites on the subjects scapular backs for 24 hours. The colour did not produce either irritation or allergic responses during the induction phase nor contact dermatitis in the challenge period. Therefore aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 68583-95-9) was considered to be not sensitizing in a Draize-Shelanski repeated insult patch test conducted on 200 human subjects.

 

The above results were further supported by the maximization test reported by European Commission (EC) - Scientific Committee on Cosmetology (SCC) {Environment and Quality of Life - Reports (Seventh Series), European Commission (EC) - Scientific Committee on Cosmetology (SCC),1988} for read across chemical FD and C Red 4 (CAS No: 4548-53-2) on guinea pigs. During the test, 25 healthy adults were treated with 0.3% (0.3g) of FD and C Red 4 under occlusive condition for 48 hours. None of the treated volunteers showed positive allergic reaction. Thus the chemical FD and C Red 4 (CAS No: 4548-53-2).

 

Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that chemical 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) is unable to cause skin sensitization and considered as non-skin sensitizer. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Respiratory sensitisation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Justification for classification or non-classification

The skin sensitization potential of test substance 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7)  and its structurally similar read across substanceBrilliant Black 1 (CAS No: 2519-30-4) and functionally read across substances aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 68583-95-9) and FD and C Red 4 (CAS No: 4548-53-2) were observed in various studies. From the results obtained from these studies it is concluded that the chemical 6 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-3 -[[4 -[[4 -[[7 -[(2,4 -diaminophenyl)azo]-1 -hydroxy-3 -sulpho-2 -naphthyl]azo]phenyl]amino]-3 -sulphophenyl]azo]-4 -hydroxynaphthalene-2 -sulphonic acid (CAS no. 76186 -07 -7) is not likely to cause skin sensitization and hence can be classified as non-skin sensitizer.

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