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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Ecotoxicological information

Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Administrative data

short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates
Type of information:
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
2 (reliable with restrictions)

Data source

Reference Type:
Improved method for estimating water solubility from octanol/water partition coefficient
Meylan, W.M. and Howard, P.H.
Bibliographic source:
Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 15: 100-106.

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
other: REACH guidance on QSARs R.6, May/July 2008
GLP compliance:

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Ethyl lactate
EC Number:
EC Name:
Ethyl lactate
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
Test material form:
colorless transparent liquid

Results and discussion

Effect concentrations
48 h
Dose descriptor:
Effect conc.:
774.36 mg/L
Details on results:
validity of model:1.defined endpoint: acute toxicity to daphnia (lethality)
2.unambigous algonthm: linead regression QSAR: Log Toxicity (mmol/L) = -0.8981(log Kow) + 1.7108
3.applicability domain: In the development of the ECOSAR equations for neutral organics and classes with excess toxicity, the training sets generally include chemicals with log Kow values in the range of -3 to 8 and molecular weights less than 1000. However, the domain of the model is considered to be larger than the descriptor range of the training set of chemicals. As discussed in previous sections it has been determined through empirical data that for acute toxicity endpoints, chemicals with a log Kow value >5.0 are generally expected to have no effects at saturation
4.statistical characteristic: the parameter for ester is unknown
5.mechanistic interpretation: The QSARs in ECOSAR for both neutral organics and classes with excess toxicity are based on a linear mathematical relationship between the predicted log Kow values and the corresponding log of the measured toxicity values (mmol/L) for a suite of training set chemicals within each class of interest. The studies collected for the training set chemicals in ECOSAR undergo an extensive data validation step to ensure appropriateness for inclusion in the model.
The QSAR for neutral organics is based on the assumption that all chemicals have a minimal toxicity based on the interference of the chemical with biological membranes, which can be modelled by the octanol-water partition coefficient (Kow). All other chemical classes show excess toxicity compared to the neutral organics. The chemical classes are empirically derived. Nevertheless, a mechanistic basis is often apparent, e.g. reactive chemicals will be more toxic than neutral organics

Applicant's summary and conclusion

the substance coumarin was predicted to have log (LC50) of 774.36 mg/L in fathead minnow after 48h exposure.