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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

skin irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 439 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Test Method)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Ethyl lactate
EC Number:
EC Name:
Ethyl lactate
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
ethyl 2-hydroxypropanoate
Test material form:
colorless transparent liquid

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
Source species:
Cell type:
non-transformed keratinocytes
Cell source:
other: not specified
Source strain:
not specified
Details on animal used as source of test system:
6.4.1 Specification
The test system is a commercially available EpiDermTM-Kit, procured by MatTek.
The EpiDermTM tissue consists of human-derived epidermal keratinocytes which have been cultured to form a multi-layered, highly differentiated model of the human epidermis. It consists of organized basal, spinous and granular layers, and a multi-layered stratum corneum containing intercellular lamellar lipid layers representing main
lipid classes analogous to those found in vivo. The EpiDermTM tissues are cultured on specially prepared cell culture inserts.
6.4.2 Origin
EpiDermTM tissues were procured from MatTek In Vitro Life Science Laboratories, Brati-slava.
Designation of the kit: EPI-200-SIT
Control samples:
yes, concurrent negative control
Amount/concentration applied:
1 mg/mL
Duration of treatment / exposure:
3 hours
Duration of post-treatment incubation (if applicable):
shaken (120 rpm) for 2 hours
Number of replicates:

Results and discussion

In vitro

Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Vehicle controls validity:
Negative controls validity:
Positive controls validity:
Other effects / acceptance of results:
The test item Ethyl lactateis considered as irritant to skin.
After the treatment, the mean value of relative tissue viability was reduced to 45.3%. This value is below the threshold for skin irritation (50%).
The optical density of the negative control was well within the required acceptability crite-rion of 0.8 ≤ mean OD ≤ 2.8.
The positive control has met the acceptance criterion too, for thus ensuring the validity of the test system.
Variation within replicates was within the accepted range for negative control, positive control and test item (required: ≤ 18%).
For these reasons, the result of the test is considered valid.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met