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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
12 November 2009 - 01 December 2009
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: This study has been performed according to OECD and/or EC guidelines and according to GLP principles.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 423 (Acute Oral toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 tris (Acute Oral Toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.1100 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (JMAFF), 12 Nousan, Notification No 8147, November 2000, including the most recent partial revisions.
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Test type:
acute toxic class method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Biomass residue (liquid) obtained after B2 production
IUPAC Name:
Biomass residue (liquid) obtained after B2 production

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany
- Age at study initiation: Young adult animals (approx. 12 weeks old) were selected.
- Weight at study initiation: 174-222 gram. Body weight variation did not exceed +/- 20% of the sex mean.
- Fasting period before study: Animals were deprived of food overnight prior to dosing and until 3-4 hours after administration of the test substance. Water was available.
- Housing: Group housing of 3 animals per cage in labeled Macrolon cages (MIV type; height 18 cm.) containing sterilized sawdust as bedding material (Litalabo, S.P.P.S., Argenteuil, France) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, United Kingdom).
- Diet: ad libitum, pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany)
- Water: ad libitum
- Acclimation period: Acclimatization period was at least 5 days before start of treatment under laboratory conditions.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Animals were housed in a controlled environment, in which optimal conditions were considered to be approximately 15 air changes per hour, a temperature of 21.0 ± 3.0ºC (actual range: 19.5 ¿ 21.3ºC), a relative humidity of 40-70% (actual range: 40 - 81%) and 12 hours artificial fluorescent light and 12 hours darkness per day.

IN-LIFE DATES: From:12 November 2009 To: 01 December 2009

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on oral exposure:
MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 1.75 mL/kg
Doses:
2000 mg/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
6 females (two subsequent groups of 3 females received 2000 mg/kg)
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations: At periodic intervals on the day of dosing (Day 1) and once daily thereafter, until Day 15.
- Frequency of weighing: Days 1 (pre-administration), 8 and 15.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
Statistics:
Not applicable

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality occurred.
Clinical signs:
On Day 1, hunched posture was noted in all animals and piloerection was seen in one animal.
Body weight:
The body weight gain shown by the animals over the study period was considered to be similar to that expected of normal untreated animals of the same age and strain.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.
Other findings:
Not applicable

Any other information on results incl. tables

Not applicable

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
practically nontoxic
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The oral LD50 value of Biomass Residue (Liquid) Obtained after B2 production in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight.
According to the OECD 423 test guideline, the LD50 cut-off value was considered to exceed 5000 mg/kg body weight.
Based on these results, Biomass Residue (Liquid) obtained after B2 production does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labeling requirement for acute oral toxicity according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2007), Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures and EC criteria for classification and labeling requirements for dangerous substances and preparations (Council Directive 67/548/EEC).