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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1989-03-16 to 1989-03-30
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 401 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
Version / remarks:
adopted 1987-02-24
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Oxalic acid, vanadium salt
EC Number:
EC Name:
Oxalic acid, vanadium salt
Cas Number:
vanadium(2+) oxalate
Test material form:
other: solution
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Vanadyloxalate solution in water
- Physical state: blue solution
- Storage condition of test material: room temperature
- Specific gravity: 1.1518 g/mL (determined by laboratory)

Test animals

Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS - SPF-quality, randomly bred
- Source: Charles River Wiga GmbH, Sulzfeld, FRG
- Age at study initiation: 7 weeks old at start of study
- Weight at study initiation: males: 234 - 286 g; females: 157 - 192 g
- Fasting period before study: animals were fasted overnight (prior to dosing) until approximately 4 hours after administration of the test substance
- Housing: At least five days prior to dosing (acclimatization period) the animals were housed five per sex to a cage, in polycarbonate cages containing purified sawdust (Woody Clean supplied by Broekman Institute, Someren, The Netherlands) as bedding material.
- Diet (ad libitum): a standard pelleted laboratory animal diet (RMH-B, pellet diameter 10 mm, Hope Farms, Woerden, The Netherlands)
- Water (ad libitum): tap-water
- Acclimation period: at least five days

- Temperature: 18 - 20°C
- Relative humidity: 40 - 70%
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on oral exposure:
MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 0.43 mL/kg bw (dose level: 500 mg/kg bw), 0.87 mL/kg bw (dose level: 1000 mg/kg bw) and 1.74 mL/kg bw (dose level: 2000 mg/kg bw)
500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg bw corresponding to 0.43, 0.87 and 1.74 mL/kg calculated as follows: dose levels (g/kg) divided by specific gravity (1.1518 g/mL)
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5 males / 5 females
Control animals:
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: clinical observations were performed on the day of dosing (approximately 20 minutes, 2 and 3.45 hours after dosing) and once daily thereafter for 14 days.
Individual bodyweights were measured on day 1 (day of dosing), 9 (instead of day 8) and 15.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes, at the end of the study (day 15) all animals were anaesthetised by CO2/O2 inhalation, subsequently killed by CO2 and subjected to necropsy.
95% confidence interval calculated with U-distribution. Confidence validity check (i.e. if G < 1, 95% confidence interval valid according to Finney).

Results and discussion

Effect levelsopen allclose all
Dose descriptor:
Effect level:
1 146 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
95% CL:
922 - 1 802
Dose descriptor:
Effect level:
914 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
95% CL:
762 - 1 446
Dose descriptor:
Effect level:
1 015 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
95% CL:
869 - 1 340
500 mg/kg bw: no mortality
1000 mg/kg bw: 4 animals
2000 mg/kg bw: 10 animals
These deaths all occurred within 8 days of dosing.
Clinical signs:
other: Lethargy and piloerection were noted among animals from the groups dosed at 2000 and 1000 mg/kg bw. A wet anal region/diarrhoea were seen among animals dosed at 2000 mg/kg bw and bloody nose encrustation and emaciation were noted for one animal dosed at 1
Gross pathology:
Macroscopic examination at necropsy, of animals dosed at 2000 or 1000 mg/kg bw that were found dead, revealed abnormalities which included haemorrhaging or red colouration of the glandular stomach or limiting ridge, enlargement of the stomach, diarrhoea/dirty anus, blood around the eye and/or nose and petechiae or haemorrhages in the thymus.
Macroscopic post mortem examination of surviving animals at termination did not reveal any treatment related abnormalities.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
Toxicity Category IV
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
For the tested aqueous solution of 17% VO(C2O4), the following toxicity endpoints were derived:
LD50 (male rats): 1146 mg/kg bw (95% CL: 922 - 1802)
LD50 (female rats): 914 mg/kg bw (95% CL: 762 - 1446)
LD50 (male and female rats): 1015 mg/kg bw (95% CL: 869 - 1340)

The following toxicity endpoints can be estimated for an aqueous solution of 22.5% VO(C2O4):
LD50 (male rats): 866 mg/kg bw
LD50 (female rats): 691mg/kg bw
LD50 (male and female rats): 767 mg/kg bw

Thus, 17-22.5 % aqueous solutions of vanadium, oxalate complexes are classified harmful if swallowed (Directive 67/548/EEC) and meet according to EC-Regulation 1272/2008 and subsequent regulations criteria for Acute toxicity Category 4 (H302).

The following toxicity endpoints can be estimated for anhydrous VO(C2O4):
LD50 (male rats): 195 mg/kg bw
LD50 (female rats): 155 mg/kg bw
LD50 (male and female rats): 173 mg/kg bw

Vanadium, oxalate complexes (anhydrous) is classified toxic if swallowed (Directive 67/548/EEC) and meets according to EC-Regulation 1272/2008 and subsequent regulations criteria for Acute toxicity Category 3 (H301).