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Diss Factsheets

Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP Guideline Study

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
according to guideline
other: EPA OPPTS 870.5100 - Bacterial Reverse Mutation Test
according to guideline
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
2,2'-Iminodiethanol, propoxylated
EC Number:
EC Name:
2,2'-Iminodiethanol, propoxylated
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
C4H11O2N(C3H6O)n; n = 1 – 6.5
2,2’-Iminodiethanol, propoxylated
Details on test material:
- Physical state: light yellowish liquid
- Content: at least 99 % (stated by the Sponsor)
- Stability under test conditions: analytically approved
- Molecular weight: 320


Target gene:
mutant histidine gene
Species / strain
Species / strain / cell type:
other: S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 100, TA 1537, TA 98, and TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
S9 mix was made from the livers of male Sprague Dawley rats, which received a single intraperitoneal injection of 500 mg/kg bw Aroclor 1254, dissolved in corn oil, 5 days prior to sacrifice. The S9 mix comprised 10% S9 fraction.
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
plate incorporation assay:
0, 16, 50, 158, 500, 1581 and 5000 µg/plate with and without S9 mix
preincubation assay:
0, 16, 50, 158, 500, 1581 and 5000 µg/tube with and without S9 mix
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: DMSO
- Justification for choice of solvent/vehicle: formed colorless up to light yellowish solutions
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
Positive controls:
Positive control substance:
other: Na-azide (only TA 1535), nitrofurantoin (only TA 100), 4-nitro-1,2-phenylene diamine (TA 1537 and TA 98), mitomycin C (only TA 102 in plate incorporation assay), cumene hydroperoxide (only TA 102 in preincubation assay), 2-aminoanthracene
Evaluation criteria:
A reproducible and dose-related increase in mutant counts of at least one strain is considered to be a positive result. For TA 1535, TA 100 and TA 98 this increase should be about twice that of negative controls, whereas for TA 1537, at least a threefold increase should be reached. For TA 102 an increase of about 100 mutants should be reached. Otherwise, the result is evaluated as negative. However, these guidelines may be overruled by good scientific judgment.
In case of questionable results, investigations should continue, possibly with modifications, until a final evaluation is possible.
no statistics perfomed; evaluation based on criteria mentioned above

Results and discussion

Test results
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium, other: TA 1535, TA 100, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity nor precipitates, but tested up to recommended limit concentrations
Vehicle controls validity:
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
Additional information on results:
Evidence of mutagenic activity was not seen. No biologically relevant increase in the mutant count, in comparison with the negative controls, was observed. The positive controls had a marked mutagenic effect.
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Executive summary:

Diethanolamine, propoxylated was evaluated in an Ames Test on Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 100, TA, 1537, TA 98, and TA 102, performed according to OECD TG 471. The test material was considered to be non-mutagenic without and with S9 mix in the plate incorporation as well as in the preincubation modification of the Salmonella/microsome test. Doses up to and including 5000 µg per plate did not cause any bacteriotoxic effects. Total bacteria counts remained unchanged and no inhibition of growth was observed.