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Diss Factsheets

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures


Keep at rest. Aerate with fresh air. When symptoms persist or in all cases of doubt seek medical advice.


Wash off immediately with soap and plenty of water. When symptoms persist or in all cases of doubt seek medical



Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Remove contact lenses.

Immediate medical attention is required.


Call a physician immediately. Do not induce vomiting without medical advice.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

Main symptoms

cough, headache, nausea, shortness of breath.

Special hazard

Lung irritation, Lung oedema.

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

General advice

Remove contaminated, soaked clothing immediately and dispose of safely. First aider needs to protect himself.

Treat symptomatically. If ingested, flush stomach and compensate acidosis.

Fire-fighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

foam, dry chemical, carbon dioxide (CO2), water spray

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media

Do not use a solid water stream as it may scatter and spread fire.

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Under conditions giving incomplete combustion, hazardous gases produced may consist of:

carbon monoxide (CO)

carbon dioxide (CO2)

Combustion gases of organic materials must in principle be graded as inhalation poisons

Vapour/air-mixtures are explosive at intense warming

Vapours are heavier than air and may spread along floors

5.3. Advice for firefighters

Special protective equipment for firefighters

Fire fighter protection should include a self-contained breathing apparatus (NIOSH-approved or EN 133) and full

fire-fighting turn out gear.

Precautions for firefighting

Cool containers / tanks with water spray. Water run-off and vapor cloud may be corrosive. Dike and collect water used

to fight fire. Keep people away from and upwind of fire.

Accidental release measures

6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

For non-emergency personnel: For personal protective equipment see section 8. Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

Avoid breathing vapors or mists. Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak. Ensure adequate ventilation,

especially in confined areas. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.

For emergency responders: Personal protection see section 8.

6.2. Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage. Do not discharge product into the aquatic environment without pretreatment

(biological treatment plant).

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

Methods for containment

Stop the flow of material, if possible without risk. Dike spilled material, where this is possible.

Methods for cleaning up

Soak up with inert absorbent material. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal. If liquid has been spilt in large

quantities clean up promptly by scoop or vacuum. Dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Take necessary

action to avoid static electricity discharge (which might cause ignition of organic vapours).

6.4. Reference to other sections

For personal protective equipment see section 8.

Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling

Further info may be available in the appropriate Exposure scenarios in the annex to this SDS.

Advice on safe handling

Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product.

Provide sufficient air exchange and/or exhaust in work rooms.

Hygiene measures

When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Take off all contaminated clothing immediately. Wash hands before breaks

and immediately after handling the product.

Advice on the protection of the environment

See Section 8: Environmental exposure controls.

Incompatible products



7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Advice on protection against fire and explosion

Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. Take necessary action to avoid static electricity discharge (which

might cause ignition of organic vapours). In case of fire, emergency cooling with water spray should be available.

Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Vapour/air-mixtures are explosive at intense warming.

Technical measures/Storage conditions

Keep containers tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. Handle and open container with care. Keep at

temperatures between 0 and 38 °C (32 and 100 °F).

Suitable material

stainless steel

Unsuitable material

mild steel, copper, brass, including their alloys

Temperature class


7.3. Specific end use(s)



Distribution of substance

Functional Fluids

Lubricants and lubricant additives

Metal working fluids / rolling oils

laboratory chemicals

For specific end use information see the annex of this safety data sheet

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
not restricted
Shippingopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
ID 9006
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Environmentally hazardous substance, liquid, n.o.s.
Special provisions / remarks
ADNR-Container: not restricted

ADNR-Tanker: ID 9006 +N3 +F

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
not restricted
Shippingopen allclose all
Special provisions / remarks
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL and the IBC Code
Product name: Nonanoic acid
Ship type: 3
Pollution category: Y

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
not restricted
Shippingopen allclose all
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

8.2. Exposure controls

Special adaptations (REACH)

Not applicable.

Appropriate Engineering controls

General or dilution ventilation is frequently insufficient as the sole means of controlling employee exposure. Local ventilation is usually preferred. Explosion-proof equipment (for example fans, switches, and grounded ducts) should

be used in mechanical ventilation systems.

Personal protective equipment

General industrial hygiene practice

Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapours or spray mist. Ensure that eyewash stations and

safety showers are close to the workstation location.

Hygiene measures

When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Take off all contaminated clothing immediately. Wash hands before breaks

and immediately after handling the product.

Eye protection

Safety glasses with side-shields. In addition to goggles, wear a face shield if there is a reasonable chance for splash

to the face.

Equipment should conform to EN 166

Hand protection

Wear protective gloves. Recommendations are listed below. Other protective material may be used, depending on the

situation, if adequate degradation and permeation data is available. If other chemicals are used in conjunction with

this chemical, material selection should be based on protection for all chemicals present.

Suitable material nitrile rubber

Evaluation according to EN 374: level 6

Glove thickness approx 0,55 mm

Break through time > 480 min

Suitable material polyvinylchloride

Evaluation Information derived from practical experience

Glove thickness approx 0.8 mm

Skin and body protection

Impervious clothing. Wear face-shield and protective suit for abnormal processing problems.

Environmental exposure controls

If possible use in closed systems. If leakage can not be prevented, the substance needs to be suck off at the

emersion point, if possible without danger. Observe the exposure limits, clean exhaust air if needed. If recycling is not

practicable, dispose of in compliance with local regulations. Inform the responsible authorities in case of leakage into

the atmosphere, or of entry into waterways, soil or drains.

Additional advice

Further details on substance data can be found in the registration dossier under the following link: For specific exposure controls see the annex

to this safety data sheet.

Stability and reactivity

10.1. Reactivity

The reactivity of the product corresponds to the typical reactivity shown by the substance group as described in any

text book on organic chemistry.

10.2. Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions

Hazardous polymerisation does not occur.

10.4. Conditions to avoid

Avoid contact with heat, sparks, open flame and static discharge. Avoid any source of ignition.

10.5. Incompatible materials

bases, amines.

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

No decomposition if stored and applied as directed.

Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods

Product Information

Disposal required in compliance with all waste management related state and local regulations. The choice of the

appropriate method of disposal depends on the product composition by the time of disposal as well as the local

statutes and possibilities for disposal.

Hazardous waste according to European Waste Catalogue (EWC)

Uncleaned empty packaging

Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible and after appropriate cleansing may be taken for