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Environmental fate & pathways

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The test substance Vinasses, residue of fermentation and all other members of the category are readily biodegradable. Therefore, hydrolysis is expected to be negligible. The ready biodegradation implies good metabolization in microorganisms, and presumably vertebrates as well, which is underlined by the toxicokinetic assessment for the category members. Furthermore, due to the lack of any toxicological or ecotoxicological effects, it can be safely assumed that a potential bioaccumulation is unlikely to pose a risk for aquatic or terrestrial organisms. Due to the ready biodegradation, adsorption processes onto soil or sludge are of low relevance for the environmental fate of this category.