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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures


Do not induce vomiting. Seek medical advice immediately. Drink two glasses of water or milk to dilute. Never administer anything by mouth if a victim is losing consciousness, is unconscious, or is convulsing.


Remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, have a trained individual administer oxygen. If not breathing, begin CPR. Seek medical attention immediately.


Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 20 minutes, retracting eyelids often. Tilt the head to prevent chemical from transferring to the uncontaminated eye. Get immediate medical attention. After initial flushing, remove any contact lenses.


Wash off immediately with soap and plenty of water removing all contaminated clothes and shoes. For hot product, immediately immerse in or flush affected area with large amounts of cold water to dissipate heat. Cover with clean cotton sheeting or gauze and get prompt medical attention. Call a physician immediately.

Fire-fighting measures


Avoid generating and accumulating dusts; fine dust dispersed in air in sufficient concentrations, and in the presence of an ignition source is a potential dust explosion hazard. Material is not sensitive to mechanical impact, but is sensitive to static discharge under dust cloud conditions. Substance values will vary by particle size distribution and or morphology. Powder explosion-potential data obtained for a sample with less than 400 mesh particle size and 0.2 % moisture content is as follows:

- Minimum ignition energy (MIE): 2 mJ (ASTM E2019-03)

- Minimum explosive concentration (MEL): 55 g/m³ (ASTM E1515-03a)

- Kst: 179 bar-m/sec (ASTM E1226-00a1)

- Maximum explosion pressure (Pmax): 102 psig

- Maximum rate of pressure rise (dP/dT max): 9540 psi/sec


- Suitable extinguishing media: Carbon dioxide (CO₂), dry chemical, foam, water spray.

- Special Protective Equipment for Firefighters: Do not enter fire area without proper protection including self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective equipment. Fight fire from a safe distance and a protected location due to the potential of hazardous vapours and decomposition products.

- Specific Hazards: The liquid and vapours are easily ignited by spark or continuous flame and burn vigorously.

Accidental release measures


Prevent the spread of any spill to minimise harm to human health and the environment if safe to do so. Sweep up and shovel into suitable containers for disposal. Allow hot molten material to cool and solidify, and scrape up. Gather and store in a sealed container pending a waste disposal evaluation. Evacuate the area promptly. Use appropriate tools to gather spilled material into suitable containers for disposal while avoiding airborne dust. Dust deposits should not be allowed to accumulate on surfaces, as these may form explosive mixture if they are released into the atmosphere in sufficient concentration. Avoid dispersal of dust in the air (i.e., clearing dust surfaces with compressed air). Use non-sparking tools and equipment.


Avoid dust formation. Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.


Do not flush into surface water or sanitary sewer system. Material should not be released into the environment.

Handling and storage


Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practices. Provide for appropriate exhaust ventilation and dust collection at machinery. Avoid dust formation. All metal parts of the mixing and processing equipment must be earthed.

Minimise dust generation and accumulation. Routine housekeeping should be instituted to ensure that dusts do not accumulate on surfaces. Dry powders can build static electricity charges when subjected to the friction of transfer and mixing operations. Provide adequate precautions, such as electrical grounding and bonding, or inert atmospheres.


Store in closed container in a dry and cool area. Keep away from heat sources and sources of ignition.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
Not regulated for transport
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Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

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Not regulated for transport
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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Not regulated for transport
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Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

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Exposure controls / personal protection


- Engineering Measures to Reduce Exposure: Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Provide for appropriate exhaust ventilation at machinery. It is recommended that all dust control equipment such as local exhaust ventilation and material transport systems involved in handling of this product contain explosion relief vents or an explosion suppression system or an oxygen-deficient environment. Ensure that dust-handling systems (such as exhaust ducts, dust collectors, vessels, and processing equipment) are designed in a manner to prevent the escape of dust into the work area (i.e., there is no leakage from the equipment). Use only appropriately classified electrical equipment and powered industrial trucks. In the case of hazardous fumes, wear self-contained breathing apparatus. Wear face-shield and protective suit for abnormal processing problems.


- Hand Protection: Protective gloves.

- Eye Protection: In addition, use full-face shield when cleaning processing vapour condensates from hood, ducts, and other surfaces.

- Respiratory Protection: When using this product at elevated temperatures, implement engineering systems, administrative controls or a respiratory protection program (including a respirator approved for protection from organic vapours, acid, gases, and particulate matter) if processing vapours are not adequately controlled or operators experience symptoms of overexposure. Use a respirator approved for protection from dust.

- Body Protection: Long-sleeved clothing. In case of handling molten material, use impervious gloves and solvent-resistant apron. If splashes are likely to occur, wear flame retardant protective clothing and solvent-resistant apron and boots.

- Hygiene Measures: When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.

Stability and reactivity


Stable under recommended storage conditions. Hydrolysis half-life in water of 14 hours at pH 5-6 and 23 °C.


To avoid thermal decomposition, avoid elevated temperatures. Heating can result in the formation of gaseous decomposition products, some of which may be hazardous.


Oxidising agents, strong acids and strong bases.

Disposal considerations


Recycling is encouraged. Landfill or incinerate in accordance with federal, state and local requirements. Collected processing fume condensates and incinerator ash should be tested to determine waste classification.