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Administrative data

Description of key information

Oral LD50 (rat) > 15000 mg/Kg bw

Inhalation LC50 (rat) >6100 mg/m³

Dermal LD50 (rabbit) > 3160 mg/Kg bw

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1977-06-16 to 1977-06-30
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: According to or similar to guideline study OECD 401: pre-GLP
Justification for type of information:
A discussion and report on the read across strategy is given as an attachment in IUCLID Section 13.
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
read-across: supporting information
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 401 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
GLP compliance:
no
Test type:
standard acute method
Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Housing: individually



Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Doses:
15g/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5 males and 5 females/dose
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Days 0, 7, 14
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight, gross pathology
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 15 000 mg/kg bw
Mortality:
No mortatlity
Clinical signs:
Diarrhea observed in multiple animals on day 1 and 1/10 animals on days 9 and 10; hair loss observed in animals on days 7-14
Gross pathology:
Kidneys darker than normal in 2 males and 3 females
Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Remarks:
Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The LD50 following oral gavage of MRD 77-11 is greater than 15g/kg. Classification as an oral toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.
Executive summary:

MRD 77 -11 was administered via oral gavage to ten albino Wistar rats (5 males and 5 females) at a dose of 15.0 g/kg to assess the acute oral toxicity.  Animals were observed for mortality and toxic effects immediately and 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 hours after dosing and daily for 14 days.  Necropsies were performed on all rats.  No deaths were observed.  Hair loss in 9/10 animals and darkened kidneys in 5/10 animals were observed at necropsy.  The oral LD50 for MRD 77-11 was greater than 15.0 g/kg. Classification as an oral toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Value:
15 000 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
One key and one supporting read across studies available from structural analogues.

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: inhalation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1995
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Acceptable, well-documented study report equivalent or similar to OECD guideline 403 : GLP.
Justification for type of information:
A discussion and report on the read across strategy is given as an attachment in IUCLID Section 13.
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
read-across: supporting information
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 403 (Acute Inhalation Toxicity)
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
standard acute method
Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River
- Age at study initiation: 9-11 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 245-325 g
- Housing:individually
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum during non-exposure, food withheld while in chamber
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 14 days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°F): 68-76
- Humidity (%): 40-70
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12


Route of administration:
inhalation: vapour
Type of inhalation exposure:
whole body
Details on inhalation exposure:
GENERATION OF TEST ATMOSPHERE / CHAMBER DESCRIPTION
Exposure apparatus: 150 liter stainless steel inhalation chamber
- Exposure chamber volume: 150 liter
- Temperature, humidity, pressure in air chamber: 75° F, 48%, slight negative pressure to the room


TEST ATMOSPHERE
- Brief description of analytical method used: calibrated infrared monitor
- Samples taken from breathing zone: no



CLASS METHOD (if applicable)
- Rationale for the selection of the starting concentration:
Analytical verification of test atmosphere concentrations:
yes
Duration of exposure:
4 h
Concentrations:
actual vapor concentration of6100 mg/m3
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10 animals/dose (5 males; 5 females)
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Day 0, 7, and 14
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LC50
Effect level:
>= 6 100 mg/m³ air (analytical)
Exp. duration:
4 h
Mortality:
None
Clinical signs:
other: other:
Body weight:
Body weight appeared normal throughout experiment. One female lost 2 grams during the Day 7-14 post-exposure observation period.
Gross pathology:
All animals appeared normal.
Other findings:
N/A
Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Remarks:
Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The LC50 for acute inhalation exposure to MRD-94-979 vapor is greater than 6100 mg/m3. Classification as an acute inhalation toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.
Executive summary:

MRD-94-979 was administered via individual inhalation chambers for four hours to ten Sprague-Dawley rats (5 males, 5 females) to an average actual vapor concentration of 6100 mg/m3 for four hours to assess acute inhalation toxicity. Animals were observed for fourteen days following exposure.  There were no mortality or gross pathological alterations noted in any of the animals.  Based on the conditions of this study, The LC50 for acute inhalation exposure to MRD-94-979 vapor is greater than 6100 mg/m3.  Classification as an acute inhalation toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LC50
Value:
6 100 mg/m³
Quality of whole database:
One key and one supporting read across studies available from structural analogues.

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1984
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Acceptable, well-documented study report equivalent or similar to OECD guideline : GLP
Justification for type of information:
A discussion and report on the read across strategy is given as an attachment in IUCLID Section 13.
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
read-across: supporting information
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
standard acute method
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Hazleton
- Age at study initiation: 19 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 3.14-3.51
- Housing: individual
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 50 days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°F): 65-71
- Humidity (%): 40-70
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12


Details on dermal exposure:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: shoulder region to lumbar region
- Type of wrap if used: gauze and plastic sleeve


REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): no washing, wiped with gauze
- Time after start of exposure: 24h
Duration of exposure:
The test material was applied to the skin at the appropriate dose, covered with a gauze patch, secured with tape, and covered with a plastic sleeve. After ca. 24h of exposure, the plastic sleeve, tape and gauze patch were removed. The skin was then wiped (but not washed) with gauze and water to remove any remaining test material.
Doses:
The test material was applied to the skin at the appropriate dose, covered with a gauze patch, secured with tape, and covered with a plastic sleeve. After ca. 24h of exposure, the plastic sleeve, tape and gauze patch were removed. The skin was then wiped (but not washed) with gauze and water to remove any remaining test material.
No. of animals per sex per dose:
6 animals/dose (3 males; 3 females)
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing:2, 4, 24 hours after dosing and daily for 14 days
- Necropsy of survivors performed: no
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight
Statistics:
The means and standard deviations of the body weights were calculated.
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
>= 3 160 mg/kg bw
Mortality:
none
Clinical signs:
There was an overall low incidence of clinical in-life observations noted during the study. Observations included nasal discharge, dry rales, alopecia. Topical exposure elicited very slight to well defined erythema in all animals and very slight edema in four animals. Desquamation was noted in five animals during the study. By Day 14, all animals were clear of erythema and edema
Body weight:
3/6 test animals gained weight during the 14 day test period.
Gross pathology:
N/A
Other findings:
N/A
Interpretation of results:
other: Not classified
Remarks:
Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The dermal LD50 for MRD-83-349 is greater than 3160 mg/kg. Classification as an acute dermal toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.
Executive summary:

The acute dermal toxicity of MRD-83-349 was evaluated in rabbits following topical occlusive exposure.  Test material was applied as a single dose of 3160 mg/kg to the clipped backs of 3 male and 3 female rabbits, covered with a gauze patch, and secured with non-irritating tape and a plastic sleeve.  The test material remained in contact with the skin for 24 hours.  Observations were made as to the nature, onset, severity, and duration of toxicological signs 2, 4, and 24 hours after dosing and once per day thereafter, for a total of 14 days.  Dermal responses were evaluated 24 hours after topical application and on Days 3, 7, 10, and 14 according to the Draize method of scoring.  Application of MRD-83-349 at a dose level of 3160 mg/kg showed no evidence of systemic toxicity under the conditions of this study and all animals survived to study termination.  There were no deaths or treatment-related clinical signs.  Topical exposure elicited very slight to well defined erythema in all animals and very slight edema in four animals.  Desquamation was noted in five animals during the study.  By Day 14, all animals were clear of erythema and edema.  Based on the results of this study, the dermal LD50 for MRD-83-349 is greater than 3160 mg/kg.  Classification as an acute dermal toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) or under Directive 67/518/EEC for dangerous substances and Directive 1999/45/EC for preparations.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Value:
3 160 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
One key study available from structural analogue

Additional information

There are no acute oral, inhalation, or dermal toxicity data available for Hydrocarbons, C12-C15, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics. However, data are available for structural analogues, Hydrocarbons, C9-C11, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics; Hydrocarbons, C10-C13, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics and isohexadecane. These data are read across to Hydrocarbons, C12-C15, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics based on analogue read across and a discussion and report on the read across strategy is provided as an attachment in IUCLID Section 13.

Oral

Hydrocarbons, C10-C13, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics

In a key study (ExxonMobil Corp., 1977), the test material (C10-C13, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics) was administered via oral gavage to ten albino Wistar rats (5 males and 5 females) at a dose of 15.0 g/kg to assess the acute oral toxicity.  Animals were observed for mortality and toxic effects immediately and 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 hours after dosing and daily for 14 days.  Necropsies were performed on all rats.  No deaths were observed.  Hair loss in 9/10 animals and darkened kidneys in 5/10 animals were observed at necropsy.  The oral LD50 for Hydrocarbons, C10-C13, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics was greater than 15.0 g/kg. Classification as an oral toxicant is not warranted under the new Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP).

Isohexadecane

In a supporting study (INEOS, 1980), the toxicity of isohexadecane in Sprague-Dawley rats was tested by gavage of the undiluted liquid test substance as supplied. The animals were observed for 4 weeks after treatment. At the end of observation period, they were killed and a necropsy was performed. The test doses were 2.15, 4.64, 10.0, 21.15, 31.6 and 46.4 mL/Kg bw. Five males and five females were tested at the three lower doses while 10 rats of both sexes were treated at the three higher dose groups. No mortality was observed at any tested dose. Sublethal effects were noted such as oily secretion in the area of anus for tested dose from 4.64 mL/kg bw to 46.4 mL/kg bw. Moreover, 28% and 11% daily food intake decrease was recorded in females treated at 31.6 mL/kg bw on the first and the second day of observation, respectively. The same effects (32% and 49% food intake decreases) were observed at the 24 and 48-hour observation periods in females treated with the highest dose. Decrease of body weight intake was also observed on first observation day in treated females at 46.4 mL/kg bw, corresponding to 37 g/kg bw. No LD50 was determined.

Inhalation

Hydrocarbons, C9-C11, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics

In a key study (ExxonMobil, 1995), the test material was administered via individual inhalation chambers for four hours to ten Sprague-Dawley rats (5 males, 5 females) to an average actual vapor concentration of 6100 mg/m3 for four hours to assess acute inhalation toxicity. Animals were observed for fourteen days following exposure. There were no mortality or gross pathological alterations noted in any of the animals. Based on the conditions of this study, the LC50 for acute inhalation exposure to the test material vapor is greater than 6100 mg/m3. 

 

Hydrocarbons, C10-C13, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics

In a supporting study (Chevron, 1969), the saturated vapor of the test material (Hydrocarbons, C10-C13, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics) was fed into a stainless steel and glass exposure chamber (volume‑85 cubic feet) at a rate of 8.5 cubic feet per minute for approximately 15 minutes prior to introduction of the test animals.  Exposure to the test material vapors at a calculated concentration of 11600 mg/m3(1806.5 ppm) lasted for six hours.  All four monkeys survived the exposure.  During the exposure period, all monkeys showed signs of retching and two monkeys vomited.  All animals rubbed their eyes and held their heads during the exposure period.  All four monkeys were certified healthy by a veterinarian at the end of 14 days of observation.

Dermal

Hydrocarbons, C9-C11, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics

In a key acute dermal toxicity study (ExxonMobil, 1984), the acute dermal toxicity of the test material was evaluated in rabbits following topical occlusive exposure. Test material was applied as a single dose of 3160 mg/Kg to the clipped backs of 3 male and 3 female rabbits, covered with a gauze patch, and secured with non-irritating tape and a plastic sleeve. The test material remained in contact with the skin for 24 hours. Observations were made as to the nature, onset, severity, and duration of toxicological signs 2, 4, and 24 hours after dosing and once per day thereafter, for a total of 14 days. Dermal responses were evaluated 24 hours after topical application and on Days 3, 7, 10, and 14 according to the Draize method of scoring. Application of the test material at a dose level of 3160 mg/Kg showed no evidence of systemic toxicity under the conditions of this study and all animals survived to study termination. There were no deaths or treatment-related clinical signs. Topical exposure elicited very slight to well defined erythema in all animals and very slight edema in four animals. Desquamation was noted in five animals during the study. By Day 14, all animals were clear of erythema and edema. Based on the results of this study, the dermal LD50 for the test material was determined to be greater than 3160 mg/Kg. 

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on available read across data, Hydrocarbons, C12-C15, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics is minimally toxic via ingestion where the LD50 is >15000 mg/Kg, via dermal exposure where the LD50 is >3160 mg/Kg, and by inhalation where the LC50 >6100 mg/m3. These findings do not warrant classification under Regulation (EC) Ne 1272/2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP).

Hydrocarbons, C12-C15, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, <2% aromatics is classified under EU CLP guidelines as a Category 1 aspiration hazard based on its physical and chemical properties (hydrocarbon fluid, viscosity ≤ 20.5 mm2/s).