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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From October 09, 1989 to October 26, 1989
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1989
Report date:
1989

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
L-Glutamic acid, N-coco acyl derivs., monosodium salts
EC Number:
269-087-2
EC Name:
L-Glutamic acid, N-coco acyl derivs., monosodium salts
Cas Number:
68187-32-6
IUPAC Name:
L-glutamic acid, N-coco-acyl derivs., monosodium salts
Test material form:
solid

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
Test system
- Source: David Percival Ltd., Moston, Sandbach, Cheshire, U.K.
- Age at study initiation: 12-16 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 2.32-2.74 kg
- Housing: individually house in suspended metal cages
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 5 days

Environmental conditions
- Temperature (°C): 14-20
- Humidity (%): 52-65
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
yes
Amount / concentration applied:
0.1 mL
Observation period (in vivo):
1, 24, 48 and 72 hours
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3
Details on study design:
Scoring system:
The data relating to the conjunctivae were designated by the letters A (redness), B (chemosis) and C (discharge), those relating to the iris designated by the letter D and those relating to the cornea by the letters E (degree of opacity) and F (area of opacity). For each tissue the total score was calculated as follows:

Total score for conjunctivae = (A + B + C) x 2
Total score for iris = D x 5
Total score for cornea = (E x F) x 5

Tool used to assess score: standard ophthalmoscope

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1.7
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 d
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 d
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1.7
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 d
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 d
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 d
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 d
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.7
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 d
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 d
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 d
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 d
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.3
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 d
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 14 d

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
Category 2 (irritating to eyes) based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
Under the study conditions, the substance was considered to be irritating to rabbit eye.
Executive summary:

A study was conducted to determine the in vivo eye irritation potential of the substance according to OECD Guideline 405, in compliance with GLP. One eye of three New-Zealand White rabbits was exposed to 0.1 mL of the undiluted test substance. The other eye served as control. Following application, animals were observed after 1, 24, 48 and 72 h. The mean scores for cornea, conjunctiva, iris effects and chemosis were determined to be 1.8, 2.9, 1.0 and 2.4. All effects were reversible within 14 d. Under the study conditions, the substance was considered to be irritating to rabbit eye (Safepharm Laboratories Limited, 1989).