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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2011
Report date:
2011

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
of 2002
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
of 2008
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.2400 (Acute Eye Irritation)
Version / remarks:
of 1998
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: Japanese MAFF Test Data for Registration of Agricultural Chemicals, Eye Irritation (2-1-5), 12 Nohsan No. 8147, Agricultural Production Bureau, November 24, 2000.
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): WS400152

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS

- Stock supply of healthy adult rabbits
- Number and Sex: 3 females
- Age on day of dosing (Day 1): 15 - 17 weeks
- Weight prior to dosing (Day 1): Minimum 3.23 kg, maximum 3.74 kg
- Housing: Individual housing in plastic cages with peforated floor
- Environmental enrichment: Small soft white untreated wood blocks
- Diet : Standard laboratory rabbit diet (125 g/animal/day). In addition, dietary supplement of hay
replaced by a supplement of wholemeal bread as from 2 days prior to dose instillation.
- Water: Drinking water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 4 to 13 weeks prior to study start under laboratory conditions.

Routine analysis of the batch of diet used for nutrients, possible contaminants and microorganisms and of the drinking water were conducted or available at the testing facility.


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

Air conditioned animal room set at:
- Temperature (°C): 18 ± 2°C
- Relative Humidity (%): 40 to 70%
- Photoperiod: 12 hrs artificial light per 24 hrs

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not required
Amount / concentration applied:
0.1 ml of undiluted liquid test substance was administered into the conjunctival sac of one eye per rabbit (right eye). The contralateral eye (left eye) remained untreated to serve as a control.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
There was no mentioning in the report that eyes were rinsed after treatment. Consequently the treatment/exposure period was equivalent to the entire observation period following instillation or lasted until removal of the test material by physiological mechanisms, whichever happened sooner.
Observation period (in vivo):
8 days in one animal (sentinel) and 72 hours in the other two animals
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 adult female rabbits
Details on study design:
EYE EVALUATION:

Before treatment start both eyes of each animal were investigated to ensure that there was no pre-existing corneal damage, iridial inflammation or conjunctival irritation.

One animal (the sentinel) was initially treated and in the absence of a severe effect the remaining two animals were committed to the study.

Eyes were evaluated in all animals at approximately 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after test substance instillation adopting the numerical scoring system listed in Table 1 in the field below. Grades attained at 24, 48 and 72 hours after instillation were included in the mean gradings of ocular lesions and used for evaluation of the necessity of eye irritation/corrosion classification. In addition, eyes of the sentinel animal were checked eight days after treatment for possible delayed effects.

Equipment used for eye evaluation: Ophthalmoscope or pencil beam torch

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.7
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.7
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.7
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Corneal and iridic lesions and conjunctival discharge were not evident throughout the study. Conjunctival redness grade 1 was seen in all treated eyes at 1, 24 and/or 48 hours after instillation having completely disappeared in one animal by 48 hours and in the other two animals by 72 hours after instillation. In addition, chemosis grade 1 was seen in one animal at 24 and 48 hours post instillation and had completely disappeared by 72 hours after instillation. Throughout the study no other signs of ocular irritation were evident.
Other effects:
Observation of the animals for defined behavioural criteria led to the conclusion that instillation of the test substance induced no or a slight initial pain response. Any other signs, of systemic toxicity or ill health were not evident.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating (according to EU regulation)

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