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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
10.05.2000 to 20.05.2000
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
comparable to guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2000
Report date:
2000

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
[[(phosphonomethyl)imino]bis[(ethylenenitrilo)bis(methylene)]]tetrakisphos phonic acid, sodium salt
IUPAC Name:
[[(phosphonomethyl)imino]bis[(ethylenenitrilo)bis(methylene)]]tetrakisphos phonic acid, sodium salt
Test material form:
not specified

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Myrtle's Rabbitry, Thompson Station, TN.
- Age at study initiation: 'adult'
- Weight at study initiation: 2.3 - 2.44 kg
- Housing: Individually in suspended stainless steel cages
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Ad libitum
- Acclimation period: Minimum of five days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 17-22
- Humidity (%): 46-82
- Air changes (per hr): 10-16
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

IN-LIFE DATES: 10.05.2000 to 20.05.2000

Test system

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not required
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.5 ml
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Four hours
Observation period:
10 days
Number of animals:
Six
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: Dorsal area of trunk
- % coverage: No data
- Type of wrap if used: The gauze patch was held in place around the cut edges with non-irritating tape, and ingestion prevented by placing an elastic wrap over the trunk and test area.

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): Yes
- Time after start of exposure: Residual test substance was removed using gauze moistened with deionised water followed by dry gauze.

SCORING SYSTEM: Based on Draize

Any unusual observations and/or mortality were recorded. General health checks were performed twice daily. Individual body weights were obtained prior to dosing.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 10 days
Remarks on result:
probability of weak irritation
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Very slight to well-defined erythema on 6/6 test sites and very slight oedema on 3/6 test sites at the one hour scoring interval. The dermal irritation had resolved completely in all animals by day 10.
Other effects:
None reported.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
In the in vivo skin irritation study with DTPMP-xNa, conducted according to OECD Test Guideline 404 and in compliance with GLP, DTPMP-xNa was not irritating to rabbit skin.