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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
12.05.2000 to 15.05.2000
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2000
Report date:
2000

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
[[(phosphonomethyl)imino]bis[(ethylenenitrilo)bis(methylene)]]tetrakisphos phonic acid, sodium salt
IUPAC Name:
[[(phosphonomethyl)imino]bis[(ethylenenitrilo)bis(methylene)]]tetrakisphos phonic acid, sodium salt
Test material form:
not specified

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Myrtle's Rabbitry, Thompson Station, TN.
- Age at study initiation: 'adult'
- Weight at study initiation: 2.5 - 2.9 kg
- Housing: Individually in suspended stainless steel cages.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Ad libitum
- Acclimation period: Minimum of five days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 18-22
- Humidity (%): 46-82
- Air changes (per hr): 10-15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

IN-LIFE DATES: 12.05.2000 to 15.05.2000

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not required
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.1 ml
Observation period (in vivo):
72 hours
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
Six
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): No

SCORING SYSTEM: EEC Ocular Evaluation Criteria

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: auxiliary light source, fluorescein

The eyes were macroscopically examined with the aid of an auxiliary light source for signs of irritation at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after dosing. Following macroscopic observations at the 24-hour scoring interval, the fluorescein examination procedure was repeated on all test and control eyes and any residual test article was gently rinsed from the eye at this time (if possible) using physiological saline. If any fluorescein findings were noted at 24 hours, a fluorescein exam was conducted on the affected eyes at each subsequent interval until a negative response was obtained. Any unusual observations and/or mortality were recorded. General health/mortality checks were performed twice daily. Individual body weights were obtained for each animal prior to dosing on day 0.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 24, 48 and 72 hour
Score:
4.11
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Remarks on result:
other: considered non-irritating
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.66
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.66
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.66
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.66
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Exposure to the test substance produced corneal opacity in 4/6 test eyes at the 1-hour scoring interval. The corneal opacity resolved in all test eyes by the 24-hour scoring interval. Iritis was observed in 6/6 test eyes at the 1-hour scoring interval and resolved completely in all test eyes by the 48-hour scoring interval. Conjunctivitis (redness, swelling and/or discharge) was noted in 6/6 test eyes at the 1-hour scoring interval. The conjunctival irritation resolved completely in all test eyes by the 72-hour scoring interval. Additional ocular findings included slight dulling of the normal luster of the cornea which was noted in 2/6 test eyes.
A mechanical abrasion was observed in 1/6 control eyes during the fluorescein examination, but was not considered to be significant due to its transient nature. No corneal opacity, iritis or conjunctivitis was observed in the control eyes.
Other effects:
None reported.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
In the in vivo eye irritation study with DTPMP-xNa, conducted according to OECD Test Guideline 405 and in compliance with GLP, DTPMP-xNa was concluded to be not irritating to the eyes of rabbits.