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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

1.Preamble1.1. Indications on Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for the professional user about guidance on safe use of petroleum products, in all its aspects, should take into account that applicable legislation and general accepted practices for the management of industrial routine activities or emergencies, as well as company operating procedures, already compose a background which indicates which general actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or unadvisable in such cases. An extensive recapitulation of all this background information will not necessarily add information value to a SDS, and may actually decrease the readability of the document, especially in an emergency. Therefore the indications meant for actual inclusion in SDSs can be focused (although not necessarily limited) to:- Product specific issues (i.e. special hazards or characteristics)- Key Actions (or group of actions) that are applicable in the specific case1.2. The actual level of detail of information and its phrasing in individual SDSs may reflect local or national conventions or requirements, or company policies, but without infringing on the consistency with the information submitted hereunder. Also, more stringent national or local legal requirements or conventions will take precedence over the guidance provided in this document2 Warning: before intervention2.1 Spillages make surface slippery2.2 Before attempting to rescue casualties, isolate area from all potential sources of ignition including disconnecting electrical supply.2.3 Ensure adequate ventilation and check that a safe, breathable atmosphere is present before entry into confined spaces.2.4 (Subject to applicability) Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) can accumulate in the headspace of storage tanks and reach potentially hazardous concentrations.3 Inhalation3.1 Inhalation at ambient temperature is unlikely because of the low vapour pressure of the substance. Exposure to vapours may however occur when the substance is handled at high temperatures with poor ventilation.3.2 Symptoms: irritation of the respiratory tract due to excess fume, mists or vapour exposure.3.3 In case of symptoms arising from inhalation of fumes or mists or vapours: Remove casualty to a quiet and well ventilated place if safe to do so3.4 If casualty is unconscious and:- Not breathing – ensure that there is no obstruction to breathing and give artificial respiration by trained personnel. If necessary, give external cardiac massage and obtain medical assistance.- Breathing – place in the recovery position. Administer oxygen if necessary. 3.5 Obtain medical assistance if breathing remains difficult. 3.6 (subject to applicability) If there is any suspicion of inhalation of H2S:* Rescuers must wear breathing apparatus, belt and safety rope, and follow rescue procedures.* Remove casualty to fresh air as quickly as possible.* Immediately begin artificial respiration if breathing has ceased.* Provision of oxygen may help.* Obtain medical advice for further treatment.4 Skin Contact4.1 Symptoms: reddening, irritation. 4.2 Remove contaminated clothing and footwear and dispose of safely.4.3 Wash affected area thoroughly with soap and water.4.4 Seek medical attention if skin irritation, swelling or redness develops and persists4.5 (Subject to applicability – use as fuel or functional fluid) When using high-pressure equipment, injection of product can occur. If high-pressure injuries occur, immediately seek professional medical attention. Do not wait for symptoms to develop.4.6 For minor thermal burns: Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold running water for at least five minutes, or until the pain subsides. However, body hypothermia must be avoided.5 Eye Contact5.1 Symptoms: slight irritation (unspecific). 5.2 Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do so. Continue rinsing.5.3 If irritation, blurred vision or swelling occurs and persists, obtain medical advice from a specialist6 Ingestion/aspiration6.1 Symptoms: few or no symptoms expected. If any, nausea and diarrhoea might occur.6.2 In case of ingestion, always assume that aspiration has occurred. The casualty should be sent immediately to a hospital. Do not wait for symptoms to develop.6.3 Do not induce vomiting as there is high risk of aspiration.6.4 Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

Fire-fighting measures

1. Product specific hazards and other issues1.1. This substance will float and can be reignited on surface water.2. Extinguishing Media - Foam (Specifically trained personnel only)- Water fog (Specifically trained personnel only)- Dry chemical powder- Carbon dioxide- Other inert gases (subject to regulations)- Sand or earth3. Unsuitable Extinguishing Media3.1. Do not use direct water jets on the burning product; they could cause splattering and spread the fire.3.2. Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.4. Combustion Products4.1. Incomplete combustion is likely to give rise to a complex mixture of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases, including carbon monoxide and unidentified organic and inorganic compounds.4.2. If sulfur compounds are present in appreciable amounts, combustion products may include also H2S and SOx (sulfur oxides) or sulfuric acid. 5. Protective Equipment for Firefighters5.1. In case of a large fire or in confined or poorly ventilated spaces wear full fire resistant protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Accidental release measures

1. General information1.1. Stop or contain leak at the source if safe to do so. Avoid direct contact with released material. Stay upwind. In case of large spillages, alert occupants in downwind areas.1.2. Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage. Alert emergency personnel.Except in case of small spillages, the feasibility of any actions should always be assessed and advised, if possible, by a trained, competent person in charge of managing the emergency.1.3. Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so (e.g. electricity, sparks, fires, flares). 1.4. (Subject to applicability): In those cases when the presence of dangerous amounts of H2S around the spilled product is suspected or proved, additional or special actions may be warranted, including access restrictions, use of special protection equipment, procedures and personnel training 1.5. If required, notify relevant authorities according to all applicable regulations. 2. Personal protection equipment for emergency responders2.1. Small spillages: normal antistatic working clothes are usually adequate. Large spillages: full body suit of chemically resistant and antistatic material.2.2. Work gloves providing adequate chemical resistance, specifically to aromatic hydrocarbons. Note: gloves made of PVA are not water-resistant, and are not suitable for emergency use.2.3. Work helmet. Antistatic non-skid safety shoes or boots2.4. Goggles or face shield, if splashes or contact with eyes is possible or anticipated.2.5. Respiratory protection: A half or full-face respirator with filter(s) for organic vapours (and when applicable for H2S) or a Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) can be used according to the extent of spill and predictable amount of exposure. If the situation cannot be completely assessed, or if an oxygen deficiency is possible, only SCBA’s should be used.3. Spillages onto Land3.1. Prevent product from entering sewers, rivers, waterways or other bodies of water3.2. If necessary dike the product with dry earth, sand or similar non-combustible materials.3.3. Large spillages may be cautiously covered with foam, if available, to limit fire risk. Do not use direct jets3.4. When inside buildings or confined spaces, ensure adequate ventilation.3.5. Absorb spilled product with suitable non-combustible materials.3.6. Collect free product with suitable means. .Transfer collected product and other contaminated materials to suitable containers for recycle, recovery or safe disposal.3.7. In case soil contamination, remove contaminated soil and treat this in accordance with local regulations.4. Spillages on water or at sea4.1. In case of small spillages in closed waters (i.e. ports), contain product with floating barriers or other equipment. Collect spilled product by absorbing with specific floating absorbents 4.2. If possible, large spillages in open waters should be contained with floating barriers or other mechanical means. If this is not possible, control the spreading of the spillage, and collect the product by skimming or other suitable mechanical means.4.3. The use of dispersants should be advised by an expert, and, if required, approved by local authorities.4.4. Collect recovered product and other materials in suitable tanks or containers for recovery or safe disposal.5. Additional information5.1. Note: recommended measures are based on the most likely spillage scenarios for this material; however, local conditions (wind, air temperature, wave/current direction and speed) may significantly influence the choice of appropriate actions. For this reason, local experts should be consulted when necessary. Local regulations may also prescribe or limit actions to be taken.5.2. (Subject to applicability): Concentration of H2S in tank headspaces may reach hazardous values, especially in case of prolonged storage. This situation is especially relevant for those operations which involve direct exposure to the vapours in the tank.5.3. (Subject to applicability): Spillages of limited amounts of products, especially in the open air when vapours will be usually quickly dispersed, are dynamic situations, which are unlikely to entail exposure to dangerous concentrations. As H2S has a density greater than ambient air, a possible exception may regard the build-up of dangerous concentrations in specific spots, like trenches, depressions or confined spaces. In all these circumstances, however, the correct actions should be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

Handling and storage

1. General Information1.1. Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding handling and storage facilities of flammable products are followed.1.2. (Subject to applicability) A specific assessment of inhalation risks from the presence of H2S in tank headspaces, confined spaces, product residue, tank waste and waste water, and unintentional releases must be made to help determine controls appropriate to local circumstances.1.3. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking.1.4. Use and store only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.1.5. Avoid contact with the product.1.6. Avoid release to the environment.2. Handling2.1. Take precautionary measures against static electricity.2.2. Ground/bond containers, tanks and transfer/receiving equipment.2.3. Use only non-sparking tools.2.4. The vapour is heavier than air. Beware of accumulation in pits and confined spaces.2.5. Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging, or handling operations.2.6. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Do not ingest. Avoid breathing vapours.2.7. Use personal protective equipment as required. 2.8. For more information regarding protective equipment and operational conditions see Exposure scenarios.3. Storage3.1. Storage area layout, tank design, equipment and operating procedures must comply with the relevant European, national or local legislation.3.2. Storage installations should be designed with adequate bunds so as to prevent ground and water pollution in case of leaks or spills. 3.3. Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of internal structure of storage tanks must be done only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company regulations. 3.4. Before entering storage tanks and commencing any operation in a confined area check the atmosphere for oxygen content and flammability. (Subject to applicability) If sulphur compounds are suspected to be present in the product, check the atmosphere for H2S content.3.5. Store separately from oxidising agents.4. Recommended and Unsuitable Materials for Storage 4.1. Recommended materials: For containers, or container linings use mild steel, stainless steel. 4.2. Unsuitable materials: some synthetic materials may be unsuitable for containers or container linings depending on the material specification and intended use. Compatibility should be checked with the manufacturer5. Container AdviceIf the product is supplied in containers:5.1. Keep only in the original container or in a suitable container for this kind of product.5.2. Keep containers tightly closed and properly labelled. Protect from the sunlight.5.3. Light hydrocarbon vapours can build up in the headspace of containers. These can cause flammability / explosion hazards. 5.4. Empty containers may contain flammable product residues. Do not weld, solder, drill, cut or incinerate empty containers, unless they have been properly cleaned.6. Hygiene measures 6.1. Ensure that proper housekeeping measures are in place.6.2. Contaminated materials should not be allowed to accumulate in the workplace and should never be kept inside the pockets.6.3. Keep away from food and beverages.6.4. Do not eat, drink or smoke while using this product 6.5. Wash the hands thoroughly after handling.6.6. Change contaminated clothes at the end of working shift.

Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN 1202. See Additional transport information 01.UN 3082. See Additional transport information 03.
Proper shipping name and description:
GAS OIL or DIESEL FUEL or HEATING OIL, LIGHT. See Additional transport information 01.ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. See Additional transport information 03.
Chemical name:
None.Use one of the following short names as appropriate: Hydrocracked gas oil or Vacuum gas oil. See Additional transport information 05.
Language:
English
Class:
3 Flammable liquids. 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles .
Classification code:
F1 M6
Packaging group:
IIIIII
Labels:
3 Flammable liquids. Environmentally hazardous substance mark. See Additional transport information 02.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles. Environmentally hazardous substance mark. See Additional transport information 02.
Remarks:
Hazard identification number (HIN) 30. UK Emergency action code (EAC) 3Y. Tunnel restriction code: D/E (Note: ADR requirement only). Hazard identification number (HIN) 90. UK Emergency action code (EAC) 3Z. Tunnel restriction code: E (Note: ADR requirement only).

Inland waterway transport (ADN(R))

UN number:
UN 1202. See Additional transport information 01, 06.UN 3082. See Additional transport information 04, 06.ID 9001. See Additional transport information 04, 06.
Proper shipping name and description:
GAS OIL or DIESEL FUEL or HEATING OIL, LIGHT. See Additional transport information 01.ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. See Additional transport information 04.SUBSTANCES WITH A FLASH-POINT ABOVE 60°C handed over for carriage at a TEMPERATURE WITHIN A RANGE OF 15K BELOW THEIR FLASH-POINT OR WITH A FLASH-POINT >60°C, HEATED TO LESS THAN 15K FROM THE FLASH-POINT. See Additional transport information 04.
Chemical name:
None. Use one of the following short names as appropriate: Hydrocracked gas oil or Vacuum gas oil. See Additional transport information 05.None.
Language:
English
Class:
3 Flammable liquids. 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles.. See Additional transport information 04.3 Flammable liquids. See Additional transport information 04.
Classification code:
F1 M6. See Additional transport information 04.F3. See Additional transport information 04.
Packaging group:
IIIIII. See Additional transport information 04.None. See Additional transport information 04.
Labels:
3 Flammable liquids. Environmentally hazardous substance mark. See Additional transport information 02.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles . Environmentally hazardous substance mark. See Additional transport information 04.3 Flammable liquids. Environmentally hazardous substance mark. See Additional transport information 04.
Remarks
None.Substance transported by inland waterway in a tank vessel may have a different classification to substance being transported in packaging by inland waterway.Substance transported by inland waterway in a tank vessel may have a different classification to substance being transported in packaging by inland waterway.

Marine transport (IMDG)

UN number:
UN 1202. See Additional transport information 01.UN 3082. See Additional transport information 03.
Proper shipping name and description:
GAS OIL or DIESEL FUEL or HEATING OIL, LIGHT. See Additional transport information 01.ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. See Additional transport information 03.
Chemical name:
None. Use one of the following short names as appropriate: Hydrocracked gas oil or Vacuum gas oil. See Additional transport information 05.
Class:
3 Flammable liquids. 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles .
Packaging group:
IIIIII
EmS code:
F-E, S-E. F-A, S-F
Labels:
3 Flammable liquids. Marine pollutant mark required. See Additional transport information 02.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles. Marine pollutant mark required. See Additional transport information 02.
Marine pollutant
Remarks
None.None.

Air transport ICAO/IATA

UN number:
UN 1202. See Additional transport information 01.UN 3082. See Additional transport information 03.
Proper shipping name and description:
GAS OIL or DIESEL FUEL or HEATING OIL, LIGHT. See Additional transport information 01.ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. See Additional transport information 03.
Chemical name:
None. Use one of the following short names as appropriate: Hydrocracked gas oil or Vacuum gas oil. See Additional transport information 05.
Class:
3 Flammable liquids. 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles.
Packaging group:
IIIIII
Labels:
3 Flammable liquids. Environmentally hazardous substance mark required. See Additional transport information 02.9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles. Environmentally hazardous substance mark required. See Additional transport information 02.
Remarks
None.None.

Additional transport information

Additional transport information
Preamble0.1The transportation of dangerous goods (by land, water or air) is a specialized professional field. Dangerous goods transport is regulated by an extensive body of recommendations, regulations, rules and agreements to ensure an adequate and harmonised level of safety for man and environment. Whereas some of these requirements have been adopted as European Union legislation (see reference), others are legally binding international treaties or sector agreements. They cover all the relevant technical aspects involved in the transport of dangerous goods (e.g. choice of equipment, labelling, documentation, packaging design, testing procedures, operating procedures etc.).0.2In addition to legal obligations discussed in the previous paragraph, Member states will also have in place detailed binding regulations governing the general conduct of transport activities, including licensing and inspection of vehicles, the authorization of drivers and other personnel, and issues relating to the rules of the road. There may also be specific national exceptions and requirements. 0.3The legal framework and its accompanying detailed provisions will specify which actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or forbidden. Extensive repetition of this background information is not practicable in a safety data sheet, and could make the document too long and difficult to read and understand, especially in an emergency when clear, brief information is needed.0.4 The consideration of this background information enables the content of the safety data sheet to be concentrated on the identification of a product's proper shipping name and its hazard classification. Where it is relevant, other information may be added. This information will act as key for the professional for retrieving the necessary specific information in the relevant body of transport codes, rules and regulations.0.5Substances in this category may be classified differently. Factors affecting classification include composition, closed flash point, initial boiling point and aquatic toxicity. The differences are explained in additional transport information paragraphs that have been numbered. Additional transport information 01The dangerous goods list provides a choice between GAS OIL, DIESEL FUEL or HEATING OIL, LIGHT for the proper shipping name. For gas oil petroleum substances the GAS OIL name will usually be the most appropriate.For marine (IMDG) and air (ICAO/IATA) transport the proper shipping name UN 1202 GAS OIL, DIESEL FUEL or HEATING OIL, LIGHT is applied to gas oil with a closed flash-point of between 23°C and 60°C, and an initial boiling point of greater than 35°C. The regulations for land transport (ADR/RID) and transport by inland waterway (ADNR) contain a derogation that requires gas oil, diesel fuel and heating fuel, light with a flash-point of above 60° and not more than 100°C to be classified as UN 1202, Class 3 Flammable liquids. Although this requirement does not apply to transport by sea (IMDG) and air (ICAO/IATA), it is advised that UN 1202 is applied to gas oils with a closed flash-point of between 23°C and 100°C, and an initial boiling point of greater than 35°C for all types of transport. Additional transport information 02The substance will require a marine pollutant mark / environmentally hazardous substance mark because it is classified as Environmentally hazardous substance - Category: Chronic 2.Additional transport information 03The proper shipping name UN 3082 ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. is applied to gas oils with a closed flash-point of greater than 100°C when being transported by land (ADR/RID), sea (IMDG), inland waterway (ADNR) and air (ICAO/IATA). UN 3082 can be used provided the substance cannot be assigned to other entries in classes 1 – 8, and provided the substance cannot be assigned to other entries in class 9. Whereas a closed flash-point of greater than 60°C could be used to classify gas oils as UN 3082 when being transported by sea or air, it is recommended that a closed flash-point of greater than 100°C is used. See Additional transport information 01.Additional transport information 04When transport is by inland waterway (ADNR) the use of UN 3082 ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S. will apply to substances that are being transported in packages. UN 3082 can be used provided the substance cannot be assigned to other entries in classes 1 – 8, and provided the substance cannot be assigned to other entries in class 9. For transport by inland waterway in tank vessels other UN numbers may take precedence over UN 3082. UN 3082 belongs to Class 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles and Classification code M6 applies. If the substance is classified as UN 3082, an environmentally hazardous substance mark will be required because it is classified as Environmentally hazardous substance - Category: Chronic 2.For transport by inland waterway (ADNR) in bulk in a tank vessel UN 3082 can be used provided the substance does not meet the classification criteria of any other class or substance within Class 9.For transport in tank vessels, a different UN number and proper shipping name will be required if the criteria for classification as ID 9001 are met.ID 9001 SUBSTANCES WITH A FLASH-POINT ABOVE 60°C handed over for carriage at a TEMPERATURE WITHIN A RANGE of 15K BELOW THEIR FLASH-POINT OR WITH A FLASH-POINT >60°C, HEATED TO LESS THAN 15K FROM THE FLASH-POINT.ID 9001 belongs to Class 3 Flammable liquids and Classification code F3 applies. Packaging group does not apply to tank vessels. If the substance is classified as ID 9001, an environmentally hazardous substance mark will be required because it is classified as Environmentally hazardous substance - Category: Chronic 2.Substances transported by inland waterway may require one UN number if transported in packaging, but another UN number if transported in bulk in a tank vessel.Additional transport information 05When it is listed, special provision 274 in the dangerous goods list requires the technical name in brackets to be added to the proper shipping name. According to the UN Model Regulations the technical name shall be a recognized chemical or other name used in scientific and technical handbooks, journals and texts. Petroleum substances are identified by the full substance name or short name. It is recommended that the appropriate short name is used. It will be one of the following short names:Hydrocracked gas oilVacuum gas oilSpecial provision 274 applies to UN 3082. Special provision 274 does not apply to UN 1202 or ID 9001.Additional transport information 06ADNR will only apply until end 2010 and from 1.1.2011 ADN annexed regulations (ADN 2011) will entry into force also on the Rhine.

Exposure controls / personal protection

Note: In this case the information in heading 8 is not required, according to Art. 14 (1) and (2), and Annex VI, Sect. 5.6 of the Regulation.(If applicable, substance registered as an isolated or transported intermediate). Please refer to the assessment report on Risk Management Measures in Section 13 which provides the required information on Strictly Controlled Conditions for the registration of this isolated/transported intermediate.

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations