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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

BCF (aquatic species):
1 150 L/kg ww

Additional information

The BCF in fish of 1149 (sheepshead minnow: Cyprinodon variegatus) is a value normalised to a 5% lipid level (Lampi and Parkerton 2009). The original value is 2229 (related to a lipid content of 9.7%). This investigation of Jonsson et al. (2004), similar to OECD 305 (flow-through), is the only one for phenanthrene to be given the ranking of reliability 1 by EU (2008, Tab. 3.28) and by Lampi and Parkerton (2009).

This suggests that the BCF of phenanthrene should be below 2000.


Lampi M and Parkerton T (2009) Bioaccumulation Assessment of PAHs - Review Paper Prepared for CONCAWE, October 2009

EU (2008) Coal-Tar Pitch, high temperature - Risk Assessment. European Union Risk Assessment Report, The Netherlands

According to EU 2008, presented data from:

Jonsson G, Bechmann RK, Bamber SD, Baussant T (2004) Bioconcentration, biotransformation, and elimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus) exposed to contaminated seawater. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 23, 1538-1548