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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2007-07-05 to 2007-07-22
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2007
Report Date:
2007

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.4 (Acute Toxicity: Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
(2004)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
(2002)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
liquid
Details on test material:
- Physical state: liquid
- Analytical purity: 97.0%

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Age at study initiation: at least 6 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: at least 1.0 kg
- Housing: Individually in labelled cages with perforated floors (Scanbur, Denmark, dimensions 56x44x37.5 cm).
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Pelleted diet for rabbits (K-H from SSNlFF® Spezialdiaten GmbH, Soest, Germany) approximately 100 grams per day. Hay (TecniLab-BMI BV, Someren, The Netherlands) was provided at least three times a week.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum tap water
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days before start of treatment under laboratory conditions

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21.3 - 22.6°C
- Humidity (%): 45 - 68%
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Test system

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
clipped
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: adjacent areas of the untreated skin of each animal served as controls
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.5 g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hours
Observation period:
72 hours after removal of the test substance
Number of animals:
3 males
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
The test substance was applied to the skin of one flank, using a metalline patch of 2x3 cm. The patch was mounted on Micropore tape, which was wrapped around the abdomen and secured with Coban elastic bandage.

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
Four hours after the application, the dressing was removed and the skin cleaned of residual test substance using tap water.

SCORING SYSTEM:
as stipulated in OECD TG 404

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal: #1, #2, #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal: #1, #2, #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritant / corrosive response data:
There was no evidence of a corrosive effect on the skin. No skin irritation was caused by 4 hours exposure to Amphopropionate C8.
Other effects:
No staining of the treated skin by the test substance was observed and no test substance remnants were seen. No symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
In this study Amphopropionate C8 was not irritating/corrosive to the skin.
Mean erythema scores from observations at 24, 48 and 72 h after patch removal were 0 for 3/3 animals; mean edema scores were 0 for 3/3 animals.
Executive summary:

In a primary dermal irritation study according to OECD guideline 404 (2002) and EU method B.4 (2004) 3 young adult male New Zealand White rabbits were dermally exposed to 0.5 g of Amphopropionate C8 (97% a.i.) for 4 hours to 6 cm² body surface area. Animals then were observed for 72 hours. Irritation was scored according to the Draize scale as stipulated in the test guideline.

No skin irritation/corrosion was caused by 4 hours exposure to Amphopropionate C8. No symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred. Mean erythema and mean edema scores from observations at 24, 48 and 72 h after patch removal were 0 for 3/3 animals.

Based on these results, Amphopropionate C8 does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labelling requirement for skin irritation according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).