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Diss Factsheets

Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

skin irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference Type:
study report

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 439 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Test Method)
Version / remarks:
An assessment found the test item was able to directly reduce MTT. Therefore, an additional procedure using water killed tissues was performed. However, the results obtained showed that negligible interference due to direct reduction of MTT occurred. It was therefore considered unnecessary to use the results of the water killed tissues for quantitative correction of results or for reporting purposes. This deviation was considered to have not affected the integrity or validity of the study.
see remarks
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
2-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylamino)ethanol hydrochloride
EC Number:
EC Name:
2-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylamino)ethanol hydrochloride
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
2-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylamino)ethanol hydrochloride
Test material form:
solid: crystalline

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
Source species:
Control samples:
yes, concurrent negative control
yes, concurrent positive control
Amount/concentration applied:
10 mg
Duration of treatment / exposure:
15 minutes
Duration of post-treatment incubation (if applicable):
42 hours
Number of replicates:

Results and discussion

In vitro

Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
15 Minute exposure period and 42 Hour post exposure incubation period
Negative controls validity:
Positive controls validity:
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Other effects / acceptance of results:
The relative mean tissue viability for the positive control treated tissues was 6.8% relative to the negative control treated tissues and the standard deviation value of the viability was 1.3%. The positive control acceptance criteria were therefore satisfied. The mean OD562 for the negative control treated tissues was 1.170 and the standard deviation value of the viability was 0.7%. The negative control acceptance criteria were therefore satisfied. The standard deviation calculated from individual tissue viabilities of the three identically test item treated tissues was 6.2%. The test item acceptance criterion was therefore satisfied.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
The test item was classified as non-irritant. The following classification criteria apply:
EU CLP Not classified for skin irritation.
Executive summary:

The purpose of this test was to evaluate the skin irritation potential of the test item using the EPISKINTMreconstructed human epidermis model after a treatment period of 15 minutes followed by a post‑exposure incubation period of 42 hours. The principle of the assay was based on the measurement of cytotoxicity in reconstructed human epidermal cultures following topical exposure to the test item by means of the colorimetric MTT reduction assay. Cell viability is measured by enzymatic reduction of the yellow MTT tetrazolium salt (3‑[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide) to a blue formazan salt (within the mitochondria of viable cells) in the test item treated tissues relative to the negative controls. Triplicate tissues were treated with the test item for an exposure period of 15 minutes. The test item was found to directly reduce MTT and therefore additional non-viable tissues were incorporated into the testing for correction purposes. At the end of the exposure period each tissue was rinsed before incubating for 42 hours. At the end of the post‑exposure incubation period each tissue was taken for MTT-loading. The maintenance medium from beneath each tissue was transferred to pre‑labeled micro tubes and stored in a freezer for possible inflammatory mediator determination. After MTT-loading a total biopsy of each epidermis was made and placed into micro tubes containing acidified isopropanol for extraction of formazan crystals out of the MTT‑loaded tissues. At the end of the formazan extraction period each tube was mixed thoroughly and duplicate 200 µL samples were transferred to the appropriate wells of a pre‑labeled 96‑well plate. The optical density was measured at 562 nm. Data are presented in the form of percentage viability (MTT reduction in the test item treated tissues relative to negative control tissues). The relative mean viability of the test item treated tissues was 94.2% after the 15‑Minute exposure period and 42‑Hours post‑exposure incubation period. The quality criteria required for acceptance of results in the test were satisfied. The test item was classified as non-irritant. The following classification criteria apply: EU CLP Not classified for Irritation.