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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Description of first aid measures

Immediately remove contaminated clothing. If the patient is likely to become unconscious, place and transport in stable sideways position (recovery position). First aid personnel should pay attention to their own safety.

If inhaled:

Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air, seek medical attention. Immediately administer a corticosteroid from a controlled/metered dose inhaler.

On skin contact:

Immediately wash thoroughly with plenty of water, apply sterile dressings, consult a skin specialist.

On contact with eyes:

Immediately wash affected eyes for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open, consult an eye specialist.

On ingestion:

Immediately rinse mouth and then drink 200-300 ml of water, seek medical attention.

Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

Symptoms: The most important known symptoms and effects are described in the labelling and/or in section "toxicological information" of the material safety data sheet.

Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Treatment: Treat according to symptoms (decontamination, vital functions), no known specific antidote. Pulmonary odema prophylaxis. Medical monitoring for at least 24 hours.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media:

dry powder, carbon dioxide, foam

Unsuitable extinguishing media for safety reasons:

water

Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

hydrogen chloride, nitrogen oxides, carbon oxides

The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released in case of fire.

Advice for fire-fighters

Special protective equipment:

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and chemical-protective clothing.

Further information:

Fire debris must be disposed of in accordance with offical regulations.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Breathing protection required. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing.

Environmental precautions

Do not empty into drains.

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

For small amounts: Pick up with suitable absorbent material (e.g. acid binder).

For large amounts: Pick up with suitable absorbent material (e.g. acid binder).

Reference to other sections

Information regarding exposure controls/personal protection and disposal considerations can be found in the respective sections.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling

Ensure thorough ventilation of stores and work areas. Protect against moisture. Protect against heat.

Protection against fire and explosion:

Prevent electrostatic charge - sources of ignition should be kept well clear - fire extinguishers should be kept handy.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Further information on storage conditions: Containers should be stored tightly sealed in a dry place. Storage at a proportionate temperature is required, to avoid 'breathing' of containers.

Storage stability:

Storage duration: 6 Months

From the data on storage duration, no agreed statement regarding the warrantee of application properties can be deduced.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Exposure controls

Personal protective equipment

Respiratory protection:

Breathing protection if gases/vapours are formed. Gas filter for gases/vapours of organic compounds (boiling point >65 °C, e. g. EN 14387 Type A) Suitable respiratory protection for higher concentrations or long-term effect: Self-contained breathing apparatus.

Hand protection:

Chemical resistant protective gloves (EN 374)

Suitable materials also with prolonged, direct contact (Recommended: Protective index 6, corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374):

nitrile rubber (NBR) - 0.4 mm coating thickness

Suitable materials for short-term contact (recommended: At least protective index 2, corresponding > 30 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374)

butyl rubber (butyl) - 0.7 mm coating thickness

fluoroelastomer (FKM) - 0.7 mm coating thickness

polyvinylchloride (PVC) - 0.7 mm coating thickness

chloroprene rubber (CR) - 0.5 mm coating thickness

Supplementary note: The specifications are based on tests, literature data and information of glove manufacturers or are derived from similar substances by analogy. Due to many conditions (e.g. temperature) it must be considered, that the practical usage of a chemical-protective glove in practice may be much shorter than the permeation time determined through testing.

Manufacturer's directions for use should be observed because of great diversity of types.

Eye protection:

Tightly fitting safety goggles (cage goggles) (e.g. EN 166) and face shield.

Body protection:

Body protection must be chosen based on level of activity and exposure., full protection suit with breathing-air supply (f.e. according to EN 943)

General safety and hygiene measures

Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapour/spray. The substance was registered as a transported isolated intermediate. The manufacturer/importer has received the confirmation by the user that the substance is used under strictly controlled conditions in accordance with art. 18 of the REACH regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Hands and/or face should be washed before breaks and at the end of the shift. Gloves must be inspected regularly and prior to each use. Replace if necessary (e.g. pinhole leaks). Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Store work clothing separately.

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity

Corrosion to metals:

Corrosive effect on metals.

Reactions with water/air:

Reaction with: water

Flammable gases: no

Toxic gases: yes

Which toxic gases: hydrogen chloride (HCl)

Corrosive gases: yes

Which corrosive gases: hydrogen chloride (HCl)

Smoke or fog: yes

Type of smoke or fog: Hydrochloric acid

Reaction with: air

Flammable gases: yes

Which flammable gases:

When heated can give off ignitable vapours., Gaseous hydrocarbons that may form explosive mixture with air; hydrogen chloride formation.

Formation of flammable gases:

Remarks:

Forms no flammable gases in the presence of water.

Chemical stability

The product is stable if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.

Possibility of hazardous reactions

Evolution of corrosive gases/vapours. Reacts with water and basic components to generate heat. On contact with water, gaseous decomposition products are formed, which cause build-up of pressure in tightly closed containers. Reacts with alkalies and metals. Reacts with alcohols, amines, aqueous acids and alkalies. Reacts with water and moisture, with formation of hydrogen chloride. Partly very violent reactions with bases and numerous organic classes of substances such as alcohols and amines. Addition of water leads to increase in temperature. In damp air hydrochloric acid formation is possible. Violent reactions with water and/or alcohols, with formation of hydrochloric acid. Substance/product is highly reactive. Violent and explosive reaction with water.

Conditions to avoid

Avoid all sources of ignition: heat, sparks, open flame. Avoid direct sunlight. Avoid electro-static charge. Avoid humidity. Avoid heat. Avoid prolonged storage. Disregard of the conditions mentioned may result in undesirable decomposition reactions.

Incompatible materials

Substances to avoid:

alkaline reactive substances, alcohols, bases, amines, water

Hazardous decomposition products:

hydrogen chloride

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods

This product and any uncleaned containers must be disposed of as hazardous waste.

Incinerate in suitable incineration plant, observing local authority regulations.

Contaminated packaging:

Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible; then it can be passed on for recycling after being thoroughly cleaned.

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