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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: acceptable, well-documented publication which meets basic scientific principles; restriction: E. coli not tested

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1989
Report date:
1989

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
no
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Pentacarbonyliron
EC Number:
236-670-8
EC Name:
Pentacarbonyliron
Cas Number:
13463-40-6
Molecular formula:
C5FeO5
IUPAC Name:
pentacarbonyliron
Details on test material:
purity >99.5%

Method

Target gene:
S. typhimurium strains
Species / strain
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
rat liver S-9 mix
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
20, 100, 500, 2500, 5000 ug/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
DMSO
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
yes
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: with metabolic activation: 2-aminoanthracene; without metabolic activation:N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, 4-nitro-o-phenylendiamine, 9-aminoacridine chloride monohydrate
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
Standard plate test and preincubation test.
Bacterial test strains were used, both in the standard plate test and in the pre-incubation test, both in the presence and absence of metabolic activation (+/- S9 mix). Three test plates per dose or per control were run in each of the 2 experiments.
Evaluation criteria:
In general, a substance to be characterized as positive in the Ames test has to fulfill the following requirements:
- doubling of the spontaneous mutation rate (control)
- dose-response relationship
- reproducibility of the results .
Statistics:
-

Results and discussion

Test results
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
An increase in the number of his+ revertants was not observed both in the standard plate test and in the preincubation test either without S-9 mix or after the addition of a metabolizing system.
No bacteriotoxic effect was observed.
In contrast, positive control substances caused increases in the number of revertants as expected, indicating proper test conditions.
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative

According to the results of the present study, the test substance Eisenpentacarbonyl is not mutagenic in the Ames test under the experimental conditions chosen here.