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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Environmental fate & pathways

Endpoint summary

Administrative data

Description of key information

Additional information

There are no data available on the biodegradation of 2-octyldodecyl myristate (CAS 22766-83-2). In order to fulfil the standard information requirements set out in Annex VII, 8.5, in accordance with Annex XI, 1.5, of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, read-across from structurally related substances was conducted.

In accordance with Article 13 (1) of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, "information on intrinsic properties of substances may be generated by means other than tests, provided that the conditions set out in Annex XI are met.” In particular for human toxicity, information shall be generated whenever possible by means other than vertebrate animal tests, which includes the use of information from structurally related substances (grouping or read-across).

Having regard to the general rules for grouping of substances and read-across approach laid down in Annex XI, Item 1.5, of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 whereby substances may be predicted as similar provided that their physicochemical, toxicological and ecotoxicological properties are likely to be similar or follow a regular pattern as a result of structural similarity.

The source substance 2-octyldodecyl isooctadecanoate (CAS 93803-87-3) is representative to evaluate the biodegradation of the target substance2-octyldodecyl myristate (CAS 22766-83-2). 2-octyldodecyl isooctadecanoate is characterised by a longer fatty acid chain length (C18 iso branched) and by the same alcohol component (2-octyldodecan-1-ol). Based on the structure the source substance can be used for read-across purposes as a worst case approach since the chain length of the fatty alcohol and the fatty acid are the determining factors for biodegradation. A detailed analogue approach justification is provided in the technical dossier (see IUCLID Section 13).

The target substance 2-octyldodecyl isooctadecanoate (CAS 93803-87-3) is characterised by a low vapour pressure (VP < 0.0001 Pa at 20 °C, SPARC (v4.6)), a low water solubility (17.7 µg/L, at 19 °C, pH 6.3)and a high log Koc indicating a high adsorption potential to soil and sediment particles (log Koc > 5, MCI method, KOCWIN v2.00). Based on the result from the selected source substance, the target substance is readily biodegradable (69.9% after 28 d (OECD 301B). Thus, it is expected that an extensive elimination of the substance in sewage treatment plants will occur. In the case insoluble chemicals enter a standard Sewage Treatment Plant (STP), they will be extensively removed in the primary settling tank and fat trap and thus, only limited amounts will get in contact with activated sludge organisms, according to the Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment, Chapter R.7b (ECHA, 2014). As a result of the high adsorption potential of the substance (log Koc > 5, MCI method, KOCWIN v2.00) a removal from the water column to a significant degree by adsorption to sewage sludge can be expected (Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment, Chapter R.7b, (ECHA, 2014)). In conclusion, the concentration of the substance in conventional STP effluents is presumably marginal. Abiotic degradation via hydrolysis is considered as not relevant for the substance. Calculations using HYDROWIN v2.00 predict half-lives > 1 year for the main components of the substance (Szymoszek, 2014). Moreover, the substance is not volatile (vapour pressure < 0.0001 Pa at 20 °C) and thus evaporation to the air and subsequent transport through the atmosphere to other environmental compartments is not likely. However, if the substance is released into air, the substance is susceptible to indirect photodegradation in air by OH-radicals as half-lives of less than 24 hours were calculated (Szymoszek, 2014).

Based on the low water solubility and metabolism via enzymatic hydrolysis of the substance a relevant uptake and bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms is not expected. The substance will be hydrolysed and the cleavage products can be further metabolised. In conclusion, bioaccumulation and biomagnification through the food chain of the substance is not expected. This is supported by (Q)SAR calculations using the VEGA BCF read-across model. The substance is within the applicability domain of the model and indicated clearly a low potential for bioaccumulation with a BCF of 6.92 L/kg whole body wet weight. Another QSAR model (BCFBAF v3.01, Arnot-Gobas, including biotransformation, upper trophic) confirms this with BCF and BAF values of 0.89 and 1.32 L/kg, respectively. Please refer to IUCLID Section 5.3 for a detailed overview on bioaccumulation of the substance.

As it can be seen in the data matrix of the analogue justification in IUCLID Section 13, all reliable data from the target and the source substance support the read-across by showing a consistent pattern of results.