Registration Dossier

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Administrative data

Hazard for aquatic organisms

Freshwater

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC aqua (freshwater)
PNEC value:
0.08 mg/L
Assessment factor:
100
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor
PNEC freshwater (intermittent releases):
0.08 mg/L

Marine water

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC aqua (marine water)
PNEC value:
0.008 mg/L
Assessment factor:
1 000
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor

STP

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC STP
PNEC value:
13.409 mg/L
Assessment factor:
10
Extrapolation method:
assessment factor

Sediment (freshwater)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC sediment (freshwater)
PNEC value:
44.479 mg/kg sediment dw
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Sediment (marine water)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC sediment (marine water)
PNEC value:
44.479 mg/kg sediment dw
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Hazard for air

Air

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Hazard for terrestrial organisms

Soil

Hazard assessment conclusion:
PNEC soil
PNEC value:
19.698 mg/kg soil dw
Extrapolation method:
equilibrium partitioning method

Hazard for predators

Secondary poisoning

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no potential to cause toxic effects if accumulated (in higher organisms) via the food chain

Additional information

Classification is not triggered based on available data, according to REGULATION (EC) No 1272/2008 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

Conclusion on classification

Classification of benzyl propionate for effects in the environment

Several major guideline – estimation values (Klimisch 2) are available for benzyl propionate, which indicates considerable toxic effect in the three key trophic levels (fish, invertebrates and algae) when exposed to the substance, benzyl propionate at concentrations up to its limit of solubility in the respective test media. Among the values lower values which lead to the classification of the substance the value which have been considered for further calculation (algae) is EC50 = 8.045 mg/L.

 

In determining the classification appropriate to benzyl propionate, it is necessary to consider all available evidence concerning its persistence, potential to accumulate and predicted or observed environmental fate and behaviour that may present a long-term and/or delayed danger to the structure and/or functioning of aquatic ecosystems. These points are considered below.

 

 

Persistence

Reliable studies are available to demonstrate that benzyl propionate is non persistent in nature and so is considered to be biodegradable in the environment. In other words benzyl propionate may therefore be expected to degrade rapidly. Thus it can be inferred that benzyl propionate is non persistent in environment. 

 

Thus, benzyl propionate is non persistent and does not satisfy the criteria for classification as persistent (P). 

 

Potential to accumulate

Predicted and measured log Kow values for benzyl propionate are less than 4 (Log Kow = -0.3). The potential for benzyl propionate to bioaccumulate in the tissues of organisms that inhabit aquatic or terrestrial matrices is negligible as the BCF factor for the substance is less than 1000.  

  

The calculated BCF of cinnamaldehyde is 23 dimensionless and below the threshold of 2000. 

 

So, benzyl propionate does not satisfy the criterion for classification as bioaccumulative (B).

 

The toxicity values of fish, invertebrates and algae are LC50 = 18.8 mg/L, LC50 = 11.5 mg/L are EC50 = 8.045 mg/L, respectively. All the values of the 3 trophic levels fall in the criteria for classification based on the values (as per CLP regulation in category 3), but since the log Kow and BCF factor do not support the same criteria in category 3 so the substance will not qualify for classification as per the CLP regulation in the above mentioned criteria.

Benzyl propionate does not satisfy the environmental effects criterion for classification as toxic (T).

 

Benzyl propionate is neither P & B (or vPvB) substance, nor will qualify as T.

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