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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

General advice: Seek medical advice. If breathing has stopped or is labored, give assisted respirations. Supplemental oxygen may be indicated. If the heart has stopped, trained personnel should begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately.
Eye contact: Hold eyelids apart, initiate and maintain gentle and continuous irrigation until the patient receives medical care. If medical care is not promptly available, continue to irrigate for one hour.
Skin contact: Immediately remove contaminated clothing, and any extraneous chemical, if possible to do so without delay. Flush immediately with copious amounts of water. Initiate and maintain continuous irrigation until the patient receives medical care. If medical care is not promptly available, continue to irrigate for one hour. Cover wound with sterile dressing.
Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Prevent aspiration of vomit. Turn victim's head to the side.
Inhalation: Move to fresh air.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media: Alcohol-resistant foam, Carbon dioxide (CO2), Dry chemical, Dry sand, Limestone powder.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture: Incomplete combustion may form carbon monoxide. May generate ammonia gas. May generate toxic nitrogen oxide gases. Burning produces noxious and toxic fumes. In the event of fire, cool tanks with water spray . Downwind personnel must be evacuated. Fire or intense heat may cause violent rupture of packages. May form explosive mixtures in air.
Advice for fire-fighters: Avoid contact with the skin. A face shield should be worn. Use personal protective equipment. Wear self contained breathing apparatus for fire fighting if necessary.
Further information: Do not allow run-off from fire fighting to enter drains or water courses., Fire residues and contaminated fire extinguishing water must be disposed of in accordance with local regulations.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. Use self-contained breathing apparatus and chemically protective clothing. Remove all sources of ignition. Evacuate personnel to safe areas.
Environmental precautions: Shut off or remove all ignition sources. Construct a dike to prevent spreading.
Methods and material for containment and cleaning up: Contact Air Products' Emergency Response Center for advice. Approach suspected leak areas with caution. Absorb with inert absorbent materials such as: Dry sand. Vermiculite. Activated charcoal. Place in appropriate chemical waste container. Additional advice: Evacuate area and do not approach spilled product . If possible, stop flow of product.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling:
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Emergency showers and eye wash stations should be readily accessible. Adhere to work practice rules established by government regulations. Avoid contact with eyes. Use personal protective equipment. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke.

Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities:
Do not store near acids. Store in steel containers preferably located outdoors, above ground, and surrounded by dikes to contain spills or leaks. Keep containers tightly closed in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition. Keep in a dry, cool place. Keep away from Oxidizers. Recommended suitable container materials include plastic, stainless, and carbon steels.

Technical measures/Precautions:
Keep away from open flames, hot surfaces and sources of ignition.

Specific end use(s):
Refer to section 1 or the extended SDS if applicable

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

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Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Control parameters:
If applicable, refer to the extended section of the SDS for further information on CSA.

Exposure controls:
Engineering measures:
Maintain process conditions to ensure temperature is below product flashpoint.
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Provide readily accessible eye wash stations and safety showers.
Provide natural or explosion-proof ventilation adequate to ensure concentrations are kept below exposure limits.

Personal protective equipment:
Hand protection:
Nitrile rubber.
Neoprene gloves.
Polyvinyl Alcohol Gloves (PVA).
Impervious gloves.
The breakthrough time of the selected glove(s) must be greater than the intended use period.

Eye protection :
Full face shield with goggles underneath.
Chemical resistant goggles must be worn.

Skin and body protection:
Impervious clothing.
Full rubber suit (rain gear).
Rubber or plastic boots.
Long sleeve shirts and trousers without cuffs.

Environmental exposure controls:
Shut off or remove all ignition sources.

Special instructions for protection and hygiene:
Discard contaminated leather articles. Remove contaminated clothing. Drench affected area with water for at least 15 minutes. Wash at the end of each workshift and before eating, smoking or using the toilet. Provide readily accessible eye wash stations and safety showers.

Stability and reactivity

Refer to possibility of hazardous reactions and/or incompatible materials sections

Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal conditions.

Possibility of hazardous reactions:
No data available.

Conditions to avoid:
Heat, flames and sparks.

Incompatible materials:
Organic acids (i.e. acetic acid, citric acid etc.).
Mineral acids.
Sodium hypochlorite.
Product slowly corrodes copper, aluminum, zinc and galvanized surfaces.
Reaction with peroxides may result in violent decomposition of peroxide possibly creating an explosion.
Oxidizing agents.

Hazardous decomposition products:
Nitric acid.
Nitrogen oxides (NOx).
Nitrogen oxide can react with water vapors to form corrosive nitric acid.
Carbon monoxide.
Carbon dioxide (CO2).

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods:
Contact supplier if guidance is required.

Contaminated packaging:
Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state, and local requirements.