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Diss Factsheets

Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

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Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Several studies on algae conducted on dark dyes, including those with a modified test system for dye-stuffs, showed that the growth inhibition is not due to a toxic effect of the dye, but due to the light absorption of the stained water. Modified test system is usually conducted putting the dye above the algae testing solution, in a different vessel and not into contact with the alga. The same toxicity expressed as grow rate and yield inhibition has been observed like when in the same condition the algae is into contact with the dye. it has been deduced that the observed toxicity was related to the shading effect of the dye. This method has some limitation because it focuses on the shadow effect but gives no information on the real potential toxicity for algae of the tested substance.
Therfore, a Lemna test is considered in order to comply with the requirements for this endpoint.
Lemna is an aquatic plant that develops his leaves on the surface of the water, while nourishing substances are taken from the water solution. With this tests the observed effect is only related to the potential toxicity of the substance and not to the potential shading effect of a classical Alga study.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information