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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

basic toxicokinetics in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Non-GLP. Some inconsistencies between summary and results. Unknown recovery due to several non-sampled matrices (air, carcass, feces).

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Objective of study:
Test guideline
no guideline available
GLP compliance:
prior to GLP

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): 14C-monomethylhydrazine
- specific activity of 3.1 µc/mM (60 µc/mL)
- no other details given
14C, position not stated

Test animals

other: see details below
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
no data

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
Details on exposure:
The material is water soluble, and aqueous dilutions were prepared fresh immediately prior to use
All animals were fasted overnight and weighed just prior to use.

not applicable (fresh solutions)

no other details
Duration and frequency of treatment / exposure:
single dose
Doses / concentrations
Doses / Concentrations:
see details below
No. of animals per sex per dose / concentration:
see details below
Control animals:
Positive control reference chemical:
Details on study design:
- Dose selection rationale: doses were varied according to species based on preliminary dose response studies
- Rationale for animal assignment (if not random): no data
Details on dosing and sampling:
PHARMACOKINETIC STUDY (Absorption, distribution, excretion)

Groups of 4 or 5 animals each were injected with 14C-MMH and maintained in individual metabolism cages (or chairs, in the case of monkeys) for 2, 4, 8, or 24 hours.
Excreted urine was collected for each experimental period, and bladder urine was obtained at necropsy. Each animal was processed individually, except for the mice which were pooled in groups of 5 to obtain sufficient tissue material for analysis.
All animals were killed by pentobarbital sodium anesthesia and exsanguination. Blood samples were collected at this time. Necropsies were performed immediately, and whole organs were removed, weighed, and processed for liquid scintillation 1 4C counting.
Digestion of tissue samples, 100 to 150 mg, in 3 ml Hydroxide of Hyamine-lOX R was accomplished by overnight maintenance in a 56 C waterbath.
Blood serum samples were analyzed for MMH by colorimetry; urine volumes were recorded and samples were likewise analyzed by a slight modification of the same technique.
Efforts to analyze tissue samples for MMH content were unsuccessful. Therefore, distribution results for MMH in tissues are given solely in terms of 14C radioactivity.
Serially collected blood samples from some dogs and monkeys were also analyzed for methemoglobin by the method of Hainline.

Results and discussion

Toxicokinetic / pharmacokinetic studies

Details on absorption:
not applicable (injection)
Details on distribution in tissues:
The same four tissues had the highest concentrations of 14 C, in all four species: blood serum, liver, kidneys and bladder.
In every tissue analyzed, the dog and mouse showed the highest values at 4 h, the monkey showed its highest values at 2 hours and in the rat there was no apparent consistent pattern relative to time.
Appreciable amounts still present in the tissues at 24 hours after exposure, but with a clear decline over these 24h (except in mice where it was less clear).
Details on excretion:
Urine: high concentration in monkey urine at 2 hours and in dog urine at 4 hours.
Total percent excreted in urine at 24h: 26% in dog, 31% in monkey, 40% in rat, 9% in mice (inconsistent result in mice). The most rapid excretion was in mice.
No analysis of feces or exhaled air was attempted

Metabolite characterisation studies

Metabolites identified:
Details on metabolites:
approximately 50% of what is excreted is unchanged monomethylhydrazine. Also in blood the results of 14C dosing were higher than those of specific MMH levels.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Bioaccumulation potential cannot be judged based on study results unknown total recovery, expired air and feces not assayed
MMH evidenced a metabolism both in blood and excreted urine (about 50% was unchanged MMH).
Important excretion in urine occured in rats, monkeys, dogs and mice.
In all species the highest concentrations were in liver, kidney, bladder, pancreas, and blood serum.